We studied the hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of digested sewage sludge (DSS) as model of waste biomass in batch and continuous reactors. HCOOH and KOH were used to improve the slurry pumpability. HTL experiments were conducted at the same kinetic severity factor in a batch reactor of 25 mL of volume and in a continuously operated tubular reactor with 350 mL of volume. The observed outcomes suggested that it was not possible to achieve the pumpability of native DSS when a high concentrated stream of suspended solid particles has been fed to the HTL continuous plant. Using acidic or basic homogeneous additives, as potassium hydroxide or formic acid, it was possible to enhance the pumpability of a concentrated slurry of DSS in the continuous plant achieving yields of heavy oil (fraction of biocrude) similar to those obtained in the batch reactor and with higher H/C ratios. Hence, we found that HCOOH and KOH are promising additives for the practical implementation of a continuous HTL process.

Prestigiacomo C., Fan Y., Hornung U., Dahmen N., Scialdone O., Galia A. (2024). Hydrothermal liquefaction of sewage sludge: use of HCOOH and KOH to improve the slurry pumpability in a continuously operated plant. HELIYON, 10(4) [10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e26287].

Hydrothermal liquefaction of sewage sludge: use of HCOOH and KOH to improve the slurry pumpability in a continuously operated plant

Prestigiacomo C.
;
Scialdone O.;Galia A.
2024-02-29

Abstract

We studied the hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of digested sewage sludge (DSS) as model of waste biomass in batch and continuous reactors. HCOOH and KOH were used to improve the slurry pumpability. HTL experiments were conducted at the same kinetic severity factor in a batch reactor of 25 mL of volume and in a continuously operated tubular reactor with 350 mL of volume. The observed outcomes suggested that it was not possible to achieve the pumpability of native DSS when a high concentrated stream of suspended solid particles has been fed to the HTL continuous plant. Using acidic or basic homogeneous additives, as potassium hydroxide or formic acid, it was possible to enhance the pumpability of a concentrated slurry of DSS in the continuous plant achieving yields of heavy oil (fraction of biocrude) similar to those obtained in the batch reactor and with higher H/C ratios. Hence, we found that HCOOH and KOH are promising additives for the practical implementation of a continuous HTL process.
29-feb-2024
Settore ING-IND/27 - Chimica Industriale E Tecnologica
Prestigiacomo C., Fan Y., Hornung U., Dahmen N., Scialdone O., Galia A. (2024). Hydrothermal liquefaction of sewage sludge: use of HCOOH and KOH to improve the slurry pumpability in a continuously operated plant. HELIYON, 10(4) [10.1016/j.heliyon.2024.e26287].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/633795
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