Nowadays, the scientific community emphasizes the use of reversible and non-toxic materials in the field of cultural heritage. Biopolymers are one of the alternative materials to synthetic polymers and solvents that are dangerous for human health and for the environment, applied in consolidation and coating treatment. Natural biopolymers may be divided into polysaccharide, protein, and polyester: All of them are low cost, eco-friendly, and biocompatible, besides many physicochemical characteristics such as being transparent, soluble in water, hydrogel, and film-forming, and can be easily functionalized. The addition of nanoclay, essential oil, and active molecules improves the physicochemical properties of biopolymers and proposes smart response abilities to the new composite material. This work is intended to provide an overview of the development of biopolymers by considering the most general aspects and scanning the diverse substrates of application for the conservation and protection of cultural heritage. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Caruso M.R., D'Agostino G., Milioto S., Cavallaro G., Lazzara G. (2023). A review on biopolymer-based treatments for consolidation and surface protection of cultural heritage materials. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 58(32), 12954-12975 [10.1007/s10853-023-08833-5].

A review on biopolymer-based treatments for consolidation and surface protection of cultural heritage materials

Caruso M. R.
Primo
;
D'Agostino G.;Milioto S.;Cavallaro G.
;
Lazzara G.
2023-08-01

Abstract

Nowadays, the scientific community emphasizes the use of reversible and non-toxic materials in the field of cultural heritage. Biopolymers are one of the alternative materials to synthetic polymers and solvents that are dangerous for human health and for the environment, applied in consolidation and coating treatment. Natural biopolymers may be divided into polysaccharide, protein, and polyester: All of them are low cost, eco-friendly, and biocompatible, besides many physicochemical characteristics such as being transparent, soluble in water, hydrogel, and film-forming, and can be easily functionalized. The addition of nanoclay, essential oil, and active molecules improves the physicochemical properties of biopolymers and proposes smart response abilities to the new composite material. This work is intended to provide an overview of the development of biopolymers by considering the most general aspects and scanning the diverse substrates of application for the conservation and protection of cultural heritage. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
ago-2023
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Caruso M.R., D'Agostino G., Milioto S., Cavallaro G., Lazzara G. (2023). A review on biopolymer-based treatments for consolidation and surface protection of cultural heritage materials. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, 58(32), 12954-12975 [10.1007/s10853-023-08833-5].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
JMS2023.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 2.46 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.46 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/623570
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 6
social impact