Interpreting and simulating rainfall partition into infiltration and surface runoff has to consider that surface soil hydraulic properties, including saturated soil hydraulic conductivity (Ks) and sorptivity (S), could change even at very short temporal scales. Soil deterioration due to water impact can be tested in the field by the multi-height beerkan (MHB) method, that is, by pouring water on the infiltration surface from different heights. Soil hydraulic properties can be estimated coupling the MHB method with the steady version of the Beerkan Estimation of Soil Transfer parameters procedure (BEST-steady). The MHB method with six heights of water pouring (H) in the range 0.03-2 m was applied on a relatively dry loam soil to investigate height of water pouring effects on i) the established infiltration process, and ii) Ks, S, the scale parameter of the water retention curve (hg) and the characteristic microscopic pore radius (m). Higher heights of water pouring generally induced a slowdown of the infiltration process, smaller S, Ks and m values and higher |hg| values. The S, Ks, |hg| and m vs. H relationships were statistically significant but the fitted relationships for S and Ks were stronger than those for |hg| and m, indicating a different sensitivity of the considered parameters to the height of water pouring. Small or negligible soil deterioration was observed for both small (H < 0.25 m) and large (H > 1.5 m) heights. Between these two extremes, the soil deteriorated as H increased, suggesting that the external solicitations were high enough to overcome the resistance of the porous medium but not so high to determine a complete soil alteration. The tested methodology appears promising to determine the effects of water impact on the soil hydrodynamic behavior and it could be applied to perform a soil hydraulic characterization usable for modelling hydrological processes.

Castellini, M., Iovino, M., Bagarello, V. (2024). Testing the hydrodynamic behavior of a loam soil by beerkan infiltration runs with six heights of water pouring. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 630 [10.1016/j.jhydrol.2024.130697].

Testing the hydrodynamic behavior of a loam soil by beerkan infiltration runs with six heights of water pouring

Iovino, M.;Bagarello, V.
Ultimo
2024-02-01

Abstract

Interpreting and simulating rainfall partition into infiltration and surface runoff has to consider that surface soil hydraulic properties, including saturated soil hydraulic conductivity (Ks) and sorptivity (S), could change even at very short temporal scales. Soil deterioration due to water impact can be tested in the field by the multi-height beerkan (MHB) method, that is, by pouring water on the infiltration surface from different heights. Soil hydraulic properties can be estimated coupling the MHB method with the steady version of the Beerkan Estimation of Soil Transfer parameters procedure (BEST-steady). The MHB method with six heights of water pouring (H) in the range 0.03-2 m was applied on a relatively dry loam soil to investigate height of water pouring effects on i) the established infiltration process, and ii) Ks, S, the scale parameter of the water retention curve (hg) and the characteristic microscopic pore radius (m). Higher heights of water pouring generally induced a slowdown of the infiltration process, smaller S, Ks and m values and higher |hg| values. The S, Ks, |hg| and m vs. H relationships were statistically significant but the fitted relationships for S and Ks were stronger than those for |hg| and m, indicating a different sensitivity of the considered parameters to the height of water pouring. Small or negligible soil deterioration was observed for both small (H < 0.25 m) and large (H > 1.5 m) heights. Between these two extremes, the soil deteriorated as H increased, suggesting that the external solicitations were high enough to overcome the resistance of the porous medium but not so high to determine a complete soil alteration. The tested methodology appears promising to determine the effects of water impact on the soil hydrodynamic behavior and it could be applied to perform a soil hydraulic characterization usable for modelling hydrological processes.
feb-2024
Settore AGR/08 - Idraulica Agraria E Sistemazioni Idraulico-Forestali
Castellini, M., Iovino, M., Bagarello, V. (2024). Testing the hydrodynamic behavior of a loam soil by beerkan infiltration runs with six heights of water pouring. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 630 [10.1016/j.jhydrol.2024.130697].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S002216942400091X-main.pdf

Solo gestori archvio

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 5.01 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.01 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/623153
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact