: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a fundamental structure that protects the composition of the brain by determining which ions, metabolites, and nutrients are allowed to enter the brain from the blood or to leave it towards the circulation. The BBB is structurally composed of a layer of brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) bound to each other through tight junctions (TJs). However, its development as well as maintenance and properties are controlled by the other brain cells that contact the BCECs: pericytes, glial cells, and even neurons themselves. Astrocytes seem, in particular, to have a very important role in determining and controlling most properties of the BBB. Here, we will focus on these latter cells, since the comprehension of their roles in brain physiology has been continuously expanding, even including the ability to participate in neurotransmission and in complex functions such as learning and memory. Accordingly, pathological conditions that alter astrocytic functions can alter the BBB's integrity, thus compromising many brain activities. In this review, we will also refer to different kinds of in vitro BBB models used to study the BBB's properties, evidencing its modifications under pathological conditions.

Schiera, G., Di Liegro, C.M., Schirò, G., Sorbello, G., Di Liegro, I. (2024). Involvement of Astrocytes in the Formation, Maintenance, and Function of the Blood-Brain Barrier [10.3390/cells13020150].

Involvement of Astrocytes in the Formation, Maintenance, and Function of the Blood-Brain Barrier

Schiera, Gabriella;Di Liegro, Carlo Maria;Sorbello, Gabriele;Di Liegro, Italia
2024-01-12

Abstract

: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a fundamental structure that protects the composition of the brain by determining which ions, metabolites, and nutrients are allowed to enter the brain from the blood or to leave it towards the circulation. The BBB is structurally composed of a layer of brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) bound to each other through tight junctions (TJs). However, its development as well as maintenance and properties are controlled by the other brain cells that contact the BCECs: pericytes, glial cells, and even neurons themselves. Astrocytes seem, in particular, to have a very important role in determining and controlling most properties of the BBB. Here, we will focus on these latter cells, since the comprehension of their roles in brain physiology has been continuously expanding, even including the ability to participate in neurotransmission and in complex functions such as learning and memory. Accordingly, pathological conditions that alter astrocytic functions can alter the BBB's integrity, thus compromising many brain activities. In this review, we will also refer to different kinds of in vitro BBB models used to study the BBB's properties, evidencing its modifications under pathological conditions.
12-gen-2024
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Schiera, G., Di Liegro, C.M., Schirò, G., Sorbello, G., Di Liegro, I. (2024). Involvement of Astrocytes in the Formation, Maintenance, and Function of the Blood-Brain Barrier [10.3390/cells13020150].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/622335
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