An innovative non-homogeneous dynamic model is presented for the recovery of temperature during the industrial laser welding process of Al-Si (Formula presented.) alloy plates. It considers that, metallurgically, during welding, the alloy melts with the presence of solid/liquid phases until total melt is achieved, and afterwards it resolidifies with the reverse process. Further, a polynomial substitute thermal capacity of the alloy is chosen based on experimental evidence so that the volumetric solid-state fraction is identifiable. Moreover, to the usual radiative/convective boundary conditions, the contribution due to the positioning of the plates on the workbench is considered (endowing the model with Cauchy–Stefan–Boltzmann boundary conditions). Having verified the well-posedness of the problem, a Galerkin-FEM approach is implemented to recover the temperature maps, obtained by modeling the laser heat sources with formulations depending on the laser sliding speed. The results achieved show good adherence to the experimental evidence, opening up interesting future scenarios for technology transfer.

Munafo C.F., Palumbo A., Versaci M. (2023). An Inhomogeneous Model for Laser Welding of Industrial Interest. MATHEMATICS, 11(15) [10.3390/math11153357].

An Inhomogeneous Model for Laser Welding of Industrial Interest

Munafo C. F.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

An innovative non-homogeneous dynamic model is presented for the recovery of temperature during the industrial laser welding process of Al-Si (Formula presented.) alloy plates. It considers that, metallurgically, during welding, the alloy melts with the presence of solid/liquid phases until total melt is achieved, and afterwards it resolidifies with the reverse process. Further, a polynomial substitute thermal capacity of the alloy is chosen based on experimental evidence so that the volumetric solid-state fraction is identifiable. Moreover, to the usual radiative/convective boundary conditions, the contribution due to the positioning of the plates on the workbench is considered (endowing the model with Cauchy–Stefan–Boltzmann boundary conditions). Having verified the well-posedness of the problem, a Galerkin-FEM approach is implemented to recover the temperature maps, obtained by modeling the laser heat sources with formulations depending on the laser sliding speed. The results achieved show good adherence to the experimental evidence, opening up interesting future scenarios for technology transfer.
2023
Munafo C.F., Palumbo A., Versaci M. (2023). An Inhomogeneous Model for Laser Welding of Industrial Interest. MATHEMATICS, 11(15) [10.3390/math11153357].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/621898
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