One of the main characteristics of the Mafia of Gargano is their use of ritual murders: they shoot their victims in the face and then conceal the corpses in the numerous natural ravines present in the Gargano area. Skeletal remains are often recovered in a poor state of preservation under particular conditions related to the environmental situation. Humidity, temperature and environmental contaminants could be considered very important for forensic examinations and are strictly related to the bone preservation status. One of the most important analyses is the identification of the victim: the success rate is linked to the condition of the bones. During military investigations in the Gargano area, several bones were recovered and analyzed in a karst ravine about 30 m deep. The forensic examination highlighted the presence of fly puparia from an intact human femur. The colonization of the inner bone cavity by a species of the Heleomyzidae family is described for the first time. Puparia, despite not being identified at the species level, are described and illustrated and their potential role in the degradation of the victim's DNA is discussed. This work increases our knowledge about the effects of Diptera in the taphonomic process underlying the need of a multidisciplinary approach to skeletal investigations.

Sessa F., Varotto E., Salerno M., Vanin S., Bertozzi G., Galassi F.M., et al. (2019). First report of Heleomyzidae (Diptera) recovered from the inner cavity of an intact human femur. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC AND LEGAL MEDICINE, 66, 4-7 [10.1016/j.jflm.2019.05.021].

First report of Heleomyzidae (Diptera) recovered from the inner cavity of an intact human femur

Varotto E.
Co-primo
;
Pomara C.;
2019-05-31

Abstract

One of the main characteristics of the Mafia of Gargano is their use of ritual murders: they shoot their victims in the face and then conceal the corpses in the numerous natural ravines present in the Gargano area. Skeletal remains are often recovered in a poor state of preservation under particular conditions related to the environmental situation. Humidity, temperature and environmental contaminants could be considered very important for forensic examinations and are strictly related to the bone preservation status. One of the most important analyses is the identification of the victim: the success rate is linked to the condition of the bones. During military investigations in the Gargano area, several bones were recovered and analyzed in a karst ravine about 30 m deep. The forensic examination highlighted the presence of fly puparia from an intact human femur. The colonization of the inner bone cavity by a species of the Heleomyzidae family is described for the first time. Puparia, despite not being identified at the species level, are described and illustrated and their potential role in the degradation of the victim's DNA is discussed. This work increases our knowledge about the effects of Diptera in the taphonomic process underlying the need of a multidisciplinary approach to skeletal investigations.
31-mag-2019
Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale
Settore BIO/08 - Antropologia
Sessa F., Varotto E., Salerno M., Vanin S., Bertozzi G., Galassi F.M., et al. (2019). First report of Heleomyzidae (Diptera) recovered from the inner cavity of an intact human femur. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC AND LEGAL MEDICINE, 66, 4-7 [10.1016/j.jflm.2019.05.021].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/621091
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