BackgroundThe most common subtype of ovarian cancer (OC) showing immunogenic potential is represented by the high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC), which is characterized by the presence of tumor-infiltrating immune cells able to modulate immune response. Because several studies showed a close correlation between OC patient's clinical outcome and expression of programmed cell death protein-1 or its ligand (PD-1/PD-L1), the aim of our study was to investigate if plasma levels of immunomodulatory proteins may predict prognosis of advanced HGSOC women.Patients and methodsThrough specific ELISA tests, we analyzed plasma concentrations of PD-L1, PD-1, butyrophilin sub-family 3A/CD277 receptor (BTN3A1), pan-BTN3As, butyrophilin sub-family 2 member A1 (BTN2A1), and B- and T-lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) in one hundred patients affected by advanced HGSOC, before surgery and therapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to generate the survival curves, while univariate and multivariate analysis were performed using Cox proportional hazard regression models.ResultsFor each analyzed circulating biomarker, advanced HGSOC women were discriminated based on long (>= 30 months) versus short progression-free survival (PFS < 30 months). The concentration cut-offs, obtained by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, allowed to observe that poor clinical outcome and median PFS ranging between 6 and 16 months were associated with higher baseline levels of PD-L1 (> 0.42 ng/mL), PD-1 (> 2.48 ng/mL), BTN3A1 (> 4.75 ng/mL), pan-BTN3As (> 13.06 ng/mL), BTN2A1 (> 5.59 ng/mL) and BTLA (> 2.78 ng/mL). Furthermore, a lower median PFS was associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis, age at diagnosis > 60 years or Body Mass Index (BMI) > 25. A multivariate analysis also suggested that plasma concentrations of PD-L1 <= 0.42 ng/mL (HR: 2.23; 95% CI: 1.34 to 3.73; p = 0.002), age at diagnosis <= 60 years (HR: 1.70; 95% CI: 1.07 to 2.70; p = 0.024) and absence of peritoneal carcinomatosis (HR: 1.87; 95% CI: 1.23 to 2.85; p = 0.003) were significant prognostic marker for a longer PFS in advanced HGSOC patients.ConclusionsThe identification of high-risk HGSOC women could be improved through determination of the plasma PD-L1, PD-1, BTN3A1, pan-BTN3As, BTN2A1 and BTLA levels.

Fanale, D., Brando, C., Corsini, L.R., Cutaia, S., Di Donna, M.C., Randazzo, U., et al. (2023). Low plasma PD-L1 levels, early tumor onset and absence of peritoneal carcinomatosis improve prognosis of women with advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer. BMC CANCER, 23(1), 437 [10.1186/s12885-023-10911-5].

Low plasma PD-L1 levels, early tumor onset and absence of peritoneal carcinomatosis improve prognosis of women with advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer

Fanale, Daniele;Brando, Chiara;Corsini, Lidia Rita;Cutaia, Sofia;Di Donna, Mariano Catello;Randazzo, Ugo;Filorizzo, Clarissa;Lisanti, Chiara;Magrin, Luigi;Gurrera, Vittorio;Romano, Raffaella;Dimino, Alessandra;Bazan Russo, Tancredi Didier;Vieni, Salvatore;Pantuso, Gianni;Giordano, Antonio;Chiantera, Vito;Bazan, Viviana;
2023-05-13

Abstract

BackgroundThe most common subtype of ovarian cancer (OC) showing immunogenic potential is represented by the high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC), which is characterized by the presence of tumor-infiltrating immune cells able to modulate immune response. Because several studies showed a close correlation between OC patient's clinical outcome and expression of programmed cell death protein-1 or its ligand (PD-1/PD-L1), the aim of our study was to investigate if plasma levels of immunomodulatory proteins may predict prognosis of advanced HGSOC women.Patients and methodsThrough specific ELISA tests, we analyzed plasma concentrations of PD-L1, PD-1, butyrophilin sub-family 3A/CD277 receptor (BTN3A1), pan-BTN3As, butyrophilin sub-family 2 member A1 (BTN2A1), and B- and T-lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) in one hundred patients affected by advanced HGSOC, before surgery and therapy. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to generate the survival curves, while univariate and multivariate analysis were performed using Cox proportional hazard regression models.ResultsFor each analyzed circulating biomarker, advanced HGSOC women were discriminated based on long (>= 30 months) versus short progression-free survival (PFS < 30 months). The concentration cut-offs, obtained by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, allowed to observe that poor clinical outcome and median PFS ranging between 6 and 16 months were associated with higher baseline levels of PD-L1 (> 0.42 ng/mL), PD-1 (> 2.48 ng/mL), BTN3A1 (> 4.75 ng/mL), pan-BTN3As (> 13.06 ng/mL), BTN2A1 (> 5.59 ng/mL) and BTLA (> 2.78 ng/mL). Furthermore, a lower median PFS was associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis, age at diagnosis > 60 years or Body Mass Index (BMI) > 25. A multivariate analysis also suggested that plasma concentrations of PD-L1 <= 0.42 ng/mL (HR: 2.23; 95% CI: 1.34 to 3.73; p = 0.002), age at diagnosis <= 60 years (HR: 1.70; 95% CI: 1.07 to 2.70; p = 0.024) and absence of peritoneal carcinomatosis (HR: 1.87; 95% CI: 1.23 to 2.85; p = 0.003) were significant prognostic marker for a longer PFS in advanced HGSOC patients.ConclusionsThe identification of high-risk HGSOC women could be improved through determination of the plasma PD-L1, PD-1, BTN3A1, pan-BTN3As, BTN2A1 and BTLA levels.
13-mag-2023
Fanale, D., Brando, C., Corsini, L.R., Cutaia, S., Di Donna, M.C., Randazzo, U., et al. (2023). Low plasma PD-L1 levels, early tumor onset and absence of peritoneal carcinomatosis improve prognosis of women with advanced high-grade serous ovarian cancer. BMC CANCER, 23(1), 437 [10.1186/s12885-023-10911-5].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620666
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