Introduction: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) have emerged as a cornerstone treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the present meta-analysis was to assess whether semaglutide exerts greater effects on glycemia and other cardio-metabolic risk factors compared to other GLP-1RAs. Methods: PubMed and Cochrane Library databases, along with grey literature sources, were searched form inception to 8th February 2023, in order to retrieve head-to-head, phase 3 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of semaglutide versus other GLP-1RAs on glycemia and other cardio-metabolic risk factors in T2DM. Results: We finally pooled data from 5 RCTs in a total of 3760 randomized participants. Semaglutide compared to other GLP-1RAs provided a significantly greater reduction in HbA1c levels by 0.44 %, in fasting plasma glucose by 0.48 mmol/L, in body weight by 2.53 kg and in body mass index by 0.91 kg/m2. Subjects receiving semaglutide experienced significantly greater odds for achieving target and optimal HbA1c, along with significantly greater odds for weight loss >5 % and 10 %. However, subjects randomized to semaglutide also experienced significantly greater odds for gastrointestinal adverse events and treatment discontinuation. Conclusion: Semaglutide is more effective than rest GLP-1RAs, in terms of improvement in glycemia and other cardio-metabolic risk factors, among individuals with T2DM.

Patoulias, D., Popovic, D.S., Stoian, A.P., Janez, A., Sahebkar, A., Rizzo, M. (2023). Effect of semaglutide versus other glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists on cardio-metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of head-to-head, phase 3, randomized controlled trials. JOURNAL OF DIABETES AND ITS COMPLICATIONS, 37(8), 108529 [10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2023.108529].

Effect of semaglutide versus other glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists on cardio-metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of head-to-head, phase 3, randomized controlled trials

Rizzo, Manfredi
2023-08-01

Abstract

Introduction: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) have emerged as a cornerstone treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the present meta-analysis was to assess whether semaglutide exerts greater effects on glycemia and other cardio-metabolic risk factors compared to other GLP-1RAs. Methods: PubMed and Cochrane Library databases, along with grey literature sources, were searched form inception to 8th February 2023, in order to retrieve head-to-head, phase 3 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of semaglutide versus other GLP-1RAs on glycemia and other cardio-metabolic risk factors in T2DM. Results: We finally pooled data from 5 RCTs in a total of 3760 randomized participants. Semaglutide compared to other GLP-1RAs provided a significantly greater reduction in HbA1c levels by 0.44 %, in fasting plasma glucose by 0.48 mmol/L, in body weight by 2.53 kg and in body mass index by 0.91 kg/m2. Subjects receiving semaglutide experienced significantly greater odds for achieving target and optimal HbA1c, along with significantly greater odds for weight loss >5 % and 10 %. However, subjects randomized to semaglutide also experienced significantly greater odds for gastrointestinal adverse events and treatment discontinuation. Conclusion: Semaglutide is more effective than rest GLP-1RAs, in terms of improvement in glycemia and other cardio-metabolic risk factors, among individuals with T2DM.
ago-2023
Patoulias, D., Popovic, D.S., Stoian, A.P., Janez, A., Sahebkar, A., Rizzo, M. (2023). Effect of semaglutide versus other glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists on cardio-metabolic risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of head-to-head, phase 3, randomized controlled trials. JOURNAL OF DIABETES AND ITS COMPLICATIONS, 37(8), 108529 [10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2023.108529].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620422
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