Thyroid function and glucose status are linked; experimental, clinical, and epidemiological studies have shown this. Iodine is a vital trace element that is inextricably linked to thyroid hormone synthesis. The latter is also associated with glucose metabolism and diabetes. Recently, some-but not all-studies have shown that iodine is linked to glucose metabolism, glucose intolerance, impaired fasting glucose, prediabetes, diabetes mellitus, or gestational diabetes. In this concise review, we review these studies, focusing on iodine and glucose metabolism and prediabetic conditions or type 2 diabetes mellitus. The potential beneficial effect of iodine on glucose metabolism may be attributed to its antioxidant properties.

Ilias, I., Milionis, C., Zabuliene, L., Rizzo, M. (2023). Does Iodine Influence the Metabolism of Glucose?. MEDICINA, 59(2) [10.3390/medicina59020189].

Does Iodine Influence the Metabolism of Glucose?

Rizzo, Manfredi
2023-01-17

Abstract

Thyroid function and glucose status are linked; experimental, clinical, and epidemiological studies have shown this. Iodine is a vital trace element that is inextricably linked to thyroid hormone synthesis. The latter is also associated with glucose metabolism and diabetes. Recently, some-but not all-studies have shown that iodine is linked to glucose metabolism, glucose intolerance, impaired fasting glucose, prediabetes, diabetes mellitus, or gestational diabetes. In this concise review, we review these studies, focusing on iodine and glucose metabolism and prediabetic conditions or type 2 diabetes mellitus. The potential beneficial effect of iodine on glucose metabolism may be attributed to its antioxidant properties.
17-gen-2023
Ilias, I., Milionis, C., Zabuliene, L., Rizzo, M. (2023). Does Iodine Influence the Metabolism of Glucose?. MEDICINA, 59(2) [10.3390/medicina59020189].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620404
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