The increase in life expectancy without a decrease in the years lived without disability leads to the rise of the population aged over 65 years prone to polypharmacy. The novel antidiabetic drugs can improve this global therapeutic and health problem in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). We aimed to establish the efficacy (A1c hemoglobin reduction) and safety of the newest antidiabetic drugs (considered so due to their novelty in medical practice use), specifically DPP-4i, SGLT-2i, GLP-1 Ra, and tirzepatide. The present meta-analysis followed the protocol registered at Prospero with the CRD42022330442 registration number. The reduction in HbA1c in the DPP4-i class for tenegliptin was 95% CI -0.54 [-1.1, 0.01], p = 0.06; in the SGLT2-iclass for ipragliflozin 95% CI -0.2 [-0.87, 0.47], p = 0.55; and for tofogliflozin 95% CI 3.13 [-12.02, 18.28], p = 0.69, while for tirzepatide it was 0.15, 95% CI [-0.50, 0.80] (p = 0.65). The guidelines for treatment in type 2 DM are provided from cardiovascular outcome trials that report mainly major adverse cardiovascular events and data about efficacy. The newest antidiabetic non-insulinic drugs are reported to be efficient in lowering HbA1c, but this effect depends between classes, molecules, or patients' age. The newest antidiabetic drugs are proven to be efficient molecules in terms of HbA1c decrease, weight reduction, and safety, but more studies are needed in order to characterize exactly their efficacy and safety profiles.

Salmen, T., Serbanoiu, L., Bica, I., Serafinceanu, C., Muzurović, E., Janez, A., et al. (2023). A Critical View over the Newest Antidiabetic Molecules in Light of Efficacy-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis [10.3390/ijms24119760].

A Critical View over the Newest Antidiabetic Molecules in Light of Efficacy-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Rizzo, Manfredi;
2023-06-05

Abstract

The increase in life expectancy without a decrease in the years lived without disability leads to the rise of the population aged over 65 years prone to polypharmacy. The novel antidiabetic drugs can improve this global therapeutic and health problem in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). We aimed to establish the efficacy (A1c hemoglobin reduction) and safety of the newest antidiabetic drugs (considered so due to their novelty in medical practice use), specifically DPP-4i, SGLT-2i, GLP-1 Ra, and tirzepatide. The present meta-analysis followed the protocol registered at Prospero with the CRD42022330442 registration number. The reduction in HbA1c in the DPP4-i class for tenegliptin was 95% CI -0.54 [-1.1, 0.01], p = 0.06; in the SGLT2-iclass for ipragliflozin 95% CI -0.2 [-0.87, 0.47], p = 0.55; and for tofogliflozin 95% CI 3.13 [-12.02, 18.28], p = 0.69, while for tirzepatide it was 0.15, 95% CI [-0.50, 0.80] (p = 0.65). The guidelines for treatment in type 2 DM are provided from cardiovascular outcome trials that report mainly major adverse cardiovascular events and data about efficacy. The newest antidiabetic non-insulinic drugs are reported to be efficient in lowering HbA1c, but this effect depends between classes, molecules, or patients' age. The newest antidiabetic drugs are proven to be efficient molecules in terms of HbA1c decrease, weight reduction, and safety, but more studies are needed in order to characterize exactly their efficacy and safety profiles.
5-giu-2023
Salmen, T., Serbanoiu, L., Bica, I., Serafinceanu, C., Muzurović, E., Janez, A., et al. (2023). A Critical View over the Newest Antidiabetic Molecules in Light of Efficacy-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis [10.3390/ijms24119760].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620398
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