During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, an increasing number of fungal infections associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection have been reported. Among them, cryptococcosis could be a lifethreatening disease. We performed a Systematic Review (PRISMA Statement) of cryptococcosis and COVID-19 co-infection, case report/series were included: a total of 34 cases were found, then we added our case report. We collected patients’ data and performed a statistical analysis comparing two groups of patients sorted by outcome: “dead” and “alive”. Three cases were excluded for lack of information. To compare categorical data, we used a Fisher-exact test (a=0.05). To compare quantitative variables a U Mann-Whitney test was used (a=0.05), with a 95% Confidence Interval. A total of 32 co-infected patients were included in the statistical analysis. Mortality rate was 17/32 (53.1%): these patients were included in “dead” group, and 15/32 (46.9%) patients survived and were included in “alive” group. Overall, males were 25/32 (78.1%), the median age was 60 years (IQR 53-70) with non-statistically significant difference between groups (p=0.149 and p=0.911, respectively). Three variables were associated with mortality: ARDS, ICU admission and inadequate treatment. Overall, 21 out of 24 (87.5%) patients were in ARDS with a statistically significant difference among two groups (p=0.028). ICU admission for COVID-19 was observed in 18/26 (69.2%), more frequently among dead group (p=0.034). Finally, 15/32 (46.9%) patients had adequate treatment (amphotericin B + flucytosine for invasive cryptococcosis) mostly among alive patients (p=0.039). In conclusion, mortality due to cryptococcal infection among COVID-19 patients remains high but an early diagnosis and appropriate treatment could reduce mortality.

Pipitone G., Spicola D., Abbott M., Sanfilippo A., Onorato F., Di Lorenzo F., et al. (2023). Invasive cryptococcal disease in COVID-19: systematic review of the literature and analysis [10.53854/liim-3101-2].

Invasive cryptococcal disease in COVID-19: systematic review of the literature and analysis

Spicola D.;Abbott M.;Imburgia C.;Agrenzano S.;Gizzi A.;Verde M. S.;Mazzarese V.;Cascio A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, an increasing number of fungal infections associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection have been reported. Among them, cryptococcosis could be a lifethreatening disease. We performed a Systematic Review (PRISMA Statement) of cryptococcosis and COVID-19 co-infection, case report/series were included: a total of 34 cases were found, then we added our case report. We collected patients’ data and performed a statistical analysis comparing two groups of patients sorted by outcome: “dead” and “alive”. Three cases were excluded for lack of information. To compare categorical data, we used a Fisher-exact test (a=0.05). To compare quantitative variables a U Mann-Whitney test was used (a=0.05), with a 95% Confidence Interval. A total of 32 co-infected patients were included in the statistical analysis. Mortality rate was 17/32 (53.1%): these patients were included in “dead” group, and 15/32 (46.9%) patients survived and were included in “alive” group. Overall, males were 25/32 (78.1%), the median age was 60 years (IQR 53-70) with non-statistically significant difference between groups (p=0.149 and p=0.911, respectively). Three variables were associated with mortality: ARDS, ICU admission and inadequate treatment. Overall, 21 out of 24 (87.5%) patients were in ARDS with a statistically significant difference among two groups (p=0.028). ICU admission for COVID-19 was observed in 18/26 (69.2%), more frequently among dead group (p=0.034). Finally, 15/32 (46.9%) patients had adequate treatment (amphotericin B + flucytosine for invasive cryptococcosis) mostly among alive patients (p=0.039). In conclusion, mortality due to cryptococcal infection among COVID-19 patients remains high but an early diagnosis and appropriate treatment could reduce mortality.
2023
Pipitone G., Spicola D., Abbott M., Sanfilippo A., Onorato F., Di Lorenzo F., et al. (2023). Invasive cryptococcal disease in COVID-19: systematic review of the literature and analysis [10.53854/liim-3101-2].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620284
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