We report a case of a 26-year-old female who developed a brain abscess that was strongly suspected to be caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis, A. aphrophilus, and E. corrodens species. In general, A. aphrophilus and E. corrodens, members of the HACEK group (Haemophilus spp., Aggregatibacter spp., C. hominis, E. corrodens, and K. kingae), have been associated with the development of endocarditis, meningitis, sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, peritonitis, and wound infections. Cerebral abscesses are a rare manifestation of these bacteria; only a few cases are described in the literature, generally related to the diffusion of these organisms through the bloodstream after a dental procedure or a heart disease. Our case is unique because the rarity of the infection site appeared apparently in absence of risk factors. The patient underwent surgery to drain the abscess and was subsequently put on intravenous antibiotic treatment with ceftriaxone, vancomycin, and metronidazole. After 6 months, brain imaging revealed that the lesion had disappeared. The patient achieved excellent results with this approach.

Lo Biundo C., Bongiovanni A., Tumbiolo S., Sucato A., Fasciana T., Giammanco A., et al. (2023). Aggregatibacter aphrophilus and Eikenella corrodens: a case of brain abscess. NEW MICROBIOLOGICA, 46(2), 216-218.

Aggregatibacter aphrophilus and Eikenella corrodens: a case of brain abscess

Sucato A.;Fasciana T.
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We report a case of a 26-year-old female who developed a brain abscess that was strongly suspected to be caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis, A. aphrophilus, and E. corrodens species. In general, A. aphrophilus and E. corrodens, members of the HACEK group (Haemophilus spp., Aggregatibacter spp., C. hominis, E. corrodens, and K. kingae), have been associated with the development of endocarditis, meningitis, sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, peritonitis, and wound infections. Cerebral abscesses are a rare manifestation of these bacteria; only a few cases are described in the literature, generally related to the diffusion of these organisms through the bloodstream after a dental procedure or a heart disease. Our case is unique because the rarity of the infection site appeared apparently in absence of risk factors. The patient underwent surgery to drain the abscess and was subsequently put on intravenous antibiotic treatment with ceftriaxone, vancomycin, and metronidazole. After 6 months, brain imaging revealed that the lesion had disappeared. The patient achieved excellent results with this approach.
2023
Lo Biundo C., Bongiovanni A., Tumbiolo S., Sucato A., Fasciana T., Giammanco A., et al. (2023). Aggregatibacter aphrophilus and Eikenella corrodens: a case of brain abscess. NEW MICROBIOLOGICA, 46(2), 216-218.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620176
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