Objective Rituximab (RTX) is an anti-CD20 chimeric monoclonal antibody recommended as off-label treatment in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). The present study aimed to evaluate changes in immunoglobulin (Ig) levels during RTX-treatment and their potential association with infections in a cohort of IIM patients.Methods Patients evaluated in the Myositis clinic belonging to the Rheumatology Units of Siena, Bari and Palermo University Hospitals, and treated for the first time with RTX were enrolled. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment variables, including previous and concomitant immunosuppressive drugs and glucocorticoid (GC) dosage were analysed before (T0) and after 6 (T1) and 12 (T2) months of RTX treatment.Results Thirty patients (median age, IQR 56 (42-66); 22 female) were selected. During the observational period, low levels of IgG (<700 mg/dl) and IgM (<40 mg/dl) occurred in 10% and 17% of patients, respectively. However, no one showed severe (IgG<400 mg/dl) hypogammaglobulinaemia. IgA concentrations were lower at T1 than T0 (p=0.0218), while IgG concentrations were lower at T2 compared to those at baseline (p=0.0335). IgM concentrations were lower at T1 and T2 than T0 (p<0.0001), as well at T2 than T1 (p=0.0215). Three patients suffered major infections, two others had paucisymptomatic COVID-19, one suffered from mild zoster. GC dosages at T0 were inversely correlated with IgA T0 concentrations (p=0.004, r=-0.514). No correlation was found between demographic, clinical and treatment variables and Ig serum levels.Conclusion Hypogammaglobulinaemia following RTX is uncommon in IIM and is not related to any clinical variables, including GC dosage and previous treatments. IgG and IgM monitoring after RTX treatment does not seem useful in stratifying patients who require closer safety monitoring and prevention of infection, due to the lack of association between hypogammaglobulinaemia and the onset of severe infections.

Conticini, E., d'Alessandro, M., Grazzini, S., Rizzo, C., Fornaro, M., Cameli, P., et al. (2023). Rituximab-induced hypogammaglobulinaemia in patients affected by idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: a multicentre study. CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY, 41(2), 285-290 [10.55563/clinexprheumatol/790ihy].

Rituximab-induced hypogammaglobulinaemia in patients affected by idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: a multicentre study

Rizzo, Chiara;Camarda, Federica;Guggino, Giuliana;
2023-03-01

Abstract

Objective Rituximab (RTX) is an anti-CD20 chimeric monoclonal antibody recommended as off-label treatment in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). The present study aimed to evaluate changes in immunoglobulin (Ig) levels during RTX-treatment and their potential association with infections in a cohort of IIM patients.Methods Patients evaluated in the Myositis clinic belonging to the Rheumatology Units of Siena, Bari and Palermo University Hospitals, and treated for the first time with RTX were enrolled. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment variables, including previous and concomitant immunosuppressive drugs and glucocorticoid (GC) dosage were analysed before (T0) and after 6 (T1) and 12 (T2) months of RTX treatment.Results Thirty patients (median age, IQR 56 (42-66); 22 female) were selected. During the observational period, low levels of IgG (<700 mg/dl) and IgM (<40 mg/dl) occurred in 10% and 17% of patients, respectively. However, no one showed severe (IgG<400 mg/dl) hypogammaglobulinaemia. IgA concentrations were lower at T1 than T0 (p=0.0218), while IgG concentrations were lower at T2 compared to those at baseline (p=0.0335). IgM concentrations were lower at T1 and T2 than T0 (p<0.0001), as well at T2 than T1 (p=0.0215). Three patients suffered major infections, two others had paucisymptomatic COVID-19, one suffered from mild zoster. GC dosages at T0 were inversely correlated with IgA T0 concentrations (p=0.004, r=-0.514). No correlation was found between demographic, clinical and treatment variables and Ig serum levels.Conclusion Hypogammaglobulinaemia following RTX is uncommon in IIM and is not related to any clinical variables, including GC dosage and previous treatments. IgG and IgM monitoring after RTX treatment does not seem useful in stratifying patients who require closer safety monitoring and prevention of infection, due to the lack of association between hypogammaglobulinaemia and the onset of severe infections.
mar-2023
Conticini, E., d'Alessandro, M., Grazzini, S., Rizzo, C., Fornaro, M., Cameli, P., et al. (2023). Rituximab-induced hypogammaglobulinaemia in patients affected by idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: a multicentre study. CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY, 41(2), 285-290 [10.55563/clinexprheumatol/790ihy].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620154
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