In the last years, many antiretroviral drugs (ART) have been developed with increased efficacy. Nowadays, the main reasons for treatment switches are adverse events, proactive strategy or simplification. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the reason for treatment interruption in the last 20 years. We merged data of eight cohorts of the SCOLTA project: lopinavir/r (LPV), atazanavir/r (ATV), darunavir/r or /c (DRV), rilpivirine (RPV), raltegravir (RAL), elvitegravir/c (EVG), dolutegravir (DTG) and bictegravir (BIC). We included 4405 people with HIV (PWH). Overall, 664 (15.1%), 489 (11.1%), and 271 (6.2%) PWH interrupted the treatment in the first, second, and third years after starting a new ART. Looking at the interruption in the first year, the most frequent causes were adverse events (3.8%), loss to follow-up (3.7%), patients’ decisions (2.6%), treatment failure (1.7%), and simplification (1.3%). In the multivariate analysis regarding experienced patients, treatment with LPV, ATV, RPV or EVG/c, having less than 250 CD4 cells/mL, history of intravenous drug use, and HCV positivity were associated with an increased risk of interruption. In naive people, only LPV/r was associated with an increased risk of interruption, while RPV was associated with a lower risk. In conclusion, our data on more than 4400 PWH show that adverse events have represented the most frequent cause of treatment interruptions in the first year of ART (3.84%). Treatment discontinuations were more frequent during the first year of follow-up and decreased thereafter. First-generation PI in both naïve and experienced PWH, and EVG/c, in experienced PWH, were associated with a higher risk of treatment interruptions.

De Vito A., Ricci E., Menzaghi B., Orofino G., Martinelli C.V., Squillace N., et al. (2023). Causes of HIV Treatment Interruption during the Last 20 Years: A Multi-Cohort Real-Life Study. VIRUSES, 15(3), 720 [10.3390/v15030720].

Causes of HIV Treatment Interruption during the Last 20 Years: A Multi-Cohort Real-Life Study

Cascio A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

In the last years, many antiretroviral drugs (ART) have been developed with increased efficacy. Nowadays, the main reasons for treatment switches are adverse events, proactive strategy or simplification. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the reason for treatment interruption in the last 20 years. We merged data of eight cohorts of the SCOLTA project: lopinavir/r (LPV), atazanavir/r (ATV), darunavir/r or /c (DRV), rilpivirine (RPV), raltegravir (RAL), elvitegravir/c (EVG), dolutegravir (DTG) and bictegravir (BIC). We included 4405 people with HIV (PWH). Overall, 664 (15.1%), 489 (11.1%), and 271 (6.2%) PWH interrupted the treatment in the first, second, and third years after starting a new ART. Looking at the interruption in the first year, the most frequent causes were adverse events (3.8%), loss to follow-up (3.7%), patients’ decisions (2.6%), treatment failure (1.7%), and simplification (1.3%). In the multivariate analysis regarding experienced patients, treatment with LPV, ATV, RPV or EVG/c, having less than 250 CD4 cells/mL, history of intravenous drug use, and HCV positivity were associated with an increased risk of interruption. In naive people, only LPV/r was associated with an increased risk of interruption, while RPV was associated with a lower risk. In conclusion, our data on more than 4400 PWH show that adverse events have represented the most frequent cause of treatment interruptions in the first year of ART (3.84%). Treatment discontinuations were more frequent during the first year of follow-up and decreased thereafter. First-generation PI in both naïve and experienced PWH, and EVG/c, in experienced PWH, were associated with a higher risk of treatment interruptions.
2023
De Vito A., Ricci E., Menzaghi B., Orofino G., Martinelli C.V., Squillace N., et al. (2023). Causes of HIV Treatment Interruption during the Last 20 Years: A Multi-Cohort Real-Life Study. VIRUSES, 15(3), 720 [10.3390/v15030720].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620098
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