Objective: Concepts of Granger causality (GC) and Granger autonomy (GA) are central to assess the dynamics of coupled physiologic processes. While causality measures have been already proposed and largely applied in time and frequency domains, measures quantifying self-dependencies are still limited to the time-domain formulation and lack of a clear spectral representation. Methods: We embed into the classical linear parametric framework for computing GC from a driver random process X to a target process Y a measure of Granger Isolation (GI) quantifying the part of the dynamics of Y not originating from X, and a new spectral measure of GA assessing frequency-specific patterns of self-dependencies in Y. The framework is formulated in a way such that the full-frequency integration of the spectral GC, GI and GA measures returns the corresponding time-domain measures. The measures are illustrated in theoretical simulations and applied to time series of mean arterial pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity obtained in subjects prone to develop postural syncope and healthy controls. Results: simulations show that GI is complementary to GC but not trivially related to it, while GA reflects the regularity of the internal dynamics of the analyzed target process. In the application to cerebrovascular interactions, spectral GA quantified the physiological response to postural stress of slow cerebral blood flow oscillations, while spectral GC and GI detected an altered response to postural stress in subjects prone to syncope, likely related to impaired cerebral autoregulation. Conclusion and significance: The new spectral measures of GI and GA are useful complements to GC for the analysis of interacting oscillatory processes, and detect physiological and pathological responses to postural stress which cannot be traced in the time domain. The thorough assessment of causality, isolation and autonomy opens new perspectives for the analysis of coupled biological processes in both physiological and clinical investigations.

Sparacino, L., Antonacci, Y., Bara, C., Valenti, A., Porta, A., Faes, L. (2023). A Method to Assess Granger Causality, Isolation and Autonomy in the Time and Frequency Domains: Theory and Application to Cerebrovascular Variability. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, PP, 12 [10.1109/TBME.2023.3340011].

A Method to Assess Granger Causality, Isolation and Autonomy in the Time and Frequency Domains: Theory and Application to Cerebrovascular Variability

Sparacino, Laura
Primo
;
Antonacci, Yuri
Secondo
;
Bara, Chiara;Valenti, Angela;Faes, Luca
Ultimo
2023-12-06

Abstract

Objective: Concepts of Granger causality (GC) and Granger autonomy (GA) are central to assess the dynamics of coupled physiologic processes. While causality measures have been already proposed and largely applied in time and frequency domains, measures quantifying self-dependencies are still limited to the time-domain formulation and lack of a clear spectral representation. Methods: We embed into the classical linear parametric framework for computing GC from a driver random process X to a target process Y a measure of Granger Isolation (GI) quantifying the part of the dynamics of Y not originating from X, and a new spectral measure of GA assessing frequency-specific patterns of self-dependencies in Y. The framework is formulated in a way such that the full-frequency integration of the spectral GC, GI and GA measures returns the corresponding time-domain measures. The measures are illustrated in theoretical simulations and applied to time series of mean arterial pressure and cerebral blood flow velocity obtained in subjects prone to develop postural syncope and healthy controls. Results: simulations show that GI is complementary to GC but not trivially related to it, while GA reflects the regularity of the internal dynamics of the analyzed target process. In the application to cerebrovascular interactions, spectral GA quantified the physiological response to postural stress of slow cerebral blood flow oscillations, while spectral GC and GI detected an altered response to postural stress in subjects prone to syncope, likely related to impaired cerebral autoregulation. Conclusion and significance: The new spectral measures of GI and GA are useful complements to GC for the analysis of interacting oscillatory processes, and detect physiological and pathological responses to postural stress which cannot be traced in the time domain. The thorough assessment of causality, isolation and autonomy opens new perspectives for the analysis of coupled biological processes in both physiological and clinical investigations.
6-dic-2023
Sparacino, L., Antonacci, Y., Bara, C., Valenti, A., Porta, A., Faes, L. (2023). A Method to Assess Granger Causality, Isolation and Autonomy in the Time and Frequency Domains: Theory and Application to Cerebrovascular Variability. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, PP, 12 [10.1109/TBME.2023.3340011].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/620078
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