In the present work, the mixing performance of square and circular cross-sectional millimetre-sized T-mixers was experimentally and numerically investigated. The pure dilution of non-reacting species (blue and yellow food dyes) and the chemical reaction of two-coloured reactants (i.e., strong acid and strong base with a pH indicator) were captured experimentally by adopting a low-cost colorimetric digital image analysis technique. Turbulence was modelled by k − ε model coupled with the β-PDF approach to account for turbulence-chemistry interactions. The circular cross-sectional T-mixer showed better mixing efficiency than the square one. Moreover, an even larger mixing performances were obtained by setting unbalanced fluid flow rates. To exploit the low computational demanding k − ε model, the Cε2 parameter was tuned, showing good reliability in describing the phenomena in the mixers. Mixing time estimations were based on both time averages and instantaneous quantities, and some possible limits of the approaches commonly adopted in the literature were identified.

Battaglia G., Romano S., Raponi A., Volpe F., Bellanca L., Ciofalo M., et al. (2024). Mixing phenomena in circular and rectangular cross-sectional T-mixers: Experimental and numerical assessment. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH & DESIGN, 201, 228-241 [10.1016/j.cherd.2023.11.056].

Mixing phenomena in circular and rectangular cross-sectional T-mixers: Experimental and numerical assessment

Battaglia G.
;
Romano S.;Volpe F.;Ciofalo M.;Cipollina A.;Micale G.;Tamburini A.
2024-01-01

Abstract

In the present work, the mixing performance of square and circular cross-sectional millimetre-sized T-mixers was experimentally and numerically investigated. The pure dilution of non-reacting species (blue and yellow food dyes) and the chemical reaction of two-coloured reactants (i.e., strong acid and strong base with a pH indicator) were captured experimentally by adopting a low-cost colorimetric digital image analysis technique. Turbulence was modelled by k − ε model coupled with the β-PDF approach to account for turbulence-chemistry interactions. The circular cross-sectional T-mixer showed better mixing efficiency than the square one. Moreover, an even larger mixing performances were obtained by setting unbalanced fluid flow rates. To exploit the low computational demanding k − ε model, the Cε2 parameter was tuned, showing good reliability in describing the phenomena in the mixers. Mixing time estimations were based on both time averages and instantaneous quantities, and some possible limits of the approaches commonly adopted in the literature were identified.
gen-2024
Settore ING-IND/26 - Teoria Dello Sviluppo Dei Processi Chimici
Battaglia G., Romano S., Raponi A., Volpe F., Bellanca L., Ciofalo M., et al. (2024). Mixing phenomena in circular and rectangular cross-sectional T-mixers: Experimental and numerical assessment. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH & DESIGN, 201, 228-241 [10.1016/j.cherd.2023.11.056].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/619694
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