INTRODUCTION: Hernia repair using prosthetic mesh material has become the preferred method of repair, as the recurrence rates are much lower than with conventional repair techniques. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare open-small and medium-sized abdominal wall hernia repair with flat patch mesh versus three-dimensional mesh (plug) in terms of recurence and complications rates. METHODS: The medical records of 300 patients who underwent abdominal wall hernia repair using flat patch mesh versus three-dimensional mesh between January 2010 to December 2015 were reviewed. All patients were followed up after 1 month, 3 month and 1 yera. The rate of recurrence and short-term postoperative complications such as incidence os Surgical Site Infection (SSIs), hematoma and seroma were evaluated. RESULTS: Short-term follow-up data were available for all patients. The first group was composed of 150 patients that were treated with a flat polypropylene mesh (68% presened umbilical hernia and 32% presented epigastric hernia). The second group was composed of 150 patients that were treated with a three-dimensional polypropylene mesh (60% presented umbilical hernia and 40% presented epigastric hernia). The majority of postoperative (1-month) complcations were wound related, repressing superficial SSI or seroma. Our results showed a statistically significant reduction of SSIs (2%) vs (8.6 %); pè=0,038 and seroma (1.3) vs 12 (8%); p=0,030) in the group of patients treated with plugs compared to flat-mesh group. There was no statistically significant difference in hernia recurrences. DISCUSSION: Usage three-dimensional mesh for open small- and medium-sized umbilical or epigastric hernia repair represents a feasible and safe technique that significantly lowers the incidence of complications such as SSIs and seroma. Furthemore, compared to flat patch mesh, plugs displayed non-inferiority in terms recurrence. Further, well-designed clinical trials could be realized to investigate possible applications of plugs in treatment of small- medium-sized umbiliacl and epigastric hernias.

Sangiorgio, G., Falzone, U., Sapienza, E., Lombardo, F.M., Saguto, D., Tomasello, G., et al. (2023). FLAT PATCH MESH VERSUS THREE-DIMENSIONAL MESH (PLUG) FOR OPEN UMBILICAL OR EPIGASTRIC HERNIA REPAIR. A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY. ANNALI ITALIANI DI CHIRURGIA, 94(5), 512-517.

FLAT PATCH MESH VERSUS THREE-DIMENSIONAL MESH (PLUG) FOR OPEN UMBILICAL OR EPIGASTRIC HERNIA REPAIR. A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY.

Saguto,D;Tomasello,G;
2023-05-01

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Hernia repair using prosthetic mesh material has become the preferred method of repair, as the recurrence rates are much lower than with conventional repair techniques. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare open-small and medium-sized abdominal wall hernia repair with flat patch mesh versus three-dimensional mesh (plug) in terms of recurence and complications rates. METHODS: The medical records of 300 patients who underwent abdominal wall hernia repair using flat patch mesh versus three-dimensional mesh between January 2010 to December 2015 were reviewed. All patients were followed up after 1 month, 3 month and 1 yera. The rate of recurrence and short-term postoperative complications such as incidence os Surgical Site Infection (SSIs), hematoma and seroma were evaluated. RESULTS: Short-term follow-up data were available for all patients. The first group was composed of 150 patients that were treated with a flat polypropylene mesh (68% presened umbilical hernia and 32% presented epigastric hernia). The second group was composed of 150 patients that were treated with a three-dimensional polypropylene mesh (60% presented umbilical hernia and 40% presented epigastric hernia). The majority of postoperative (1-month) complcations were wound related, repressing superficial SSI or seroma. Our results showed a statistically significant reduction of SSIs (2%) vs (8.6 %); pè=0,038 and seroma (1.3) vs 12 (8%); p=0,030) in the group of patients treated with plugs compared to flat-mesh group. There was no statistically significant difference in hernia recurrences. DISCUSSION: Usage three-dimensional mesh for open small- and medium-sized umbilical or epigastric hernia repair represents a feasible and safe technique that significantly lowers the incidence of complications such as SSIs and seroma. Furthemore, compared to flat patch mesh, plugs displayed non-inferiority in terms recurrence. Further, well-designed clinical trials could be realized to investigate possible applications of plugs in treatment of small- medium-sized umbiliacl and epigastric hernias.
1-mag-2023
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
Sangiorgio, G., Falzone, U., Sapienza, E., Lombardo, F.M., Saguto, D., Tomasello, G., et al. (2023). FLAT PATCH MESH VERSUS THREE-DIMENSIONAL MESH (PLUG) FOR OPEN UMBILICAL OR EPIGASTRIC HERNIA REPAIR. A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY. ANNALI ITALIANI DI CHIRURGIA, 94(5), 512-517.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/619558
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