Ultra-thin metallic anode and cathode wires are frequently employed in low-mass gaseous detectors for precision experiments, where the amount of material crossed by charged particles must be minimised. We present here the results of an analysis of the mechanical stress and chemical corrosion effects observed in 40 and 50 mu m diameter silver plated aluminum wires mounted within the volume of the MEGII drift chamber, which caused the breakage of about one hundred wires (over a total of approximate to 12000). This analysis is based on the careful inspection of the broken wires by means of optical and electronic microscopes and on a detailed recording of all breaking incidents. We present a simple empirical model which relates the number of broken wires to their exposure time to atmospheric relative humidity and to their mechanical tension, which is necessary for mechanical stability in the presence of electrostatic fields of several kV/cm. Finally we discuss how wire breakages can be avoided or at least strongly reduced by operating in controlled atmosphere during the mounting stages of the wires within the drift chamber and by choosing a 25% thicker wire diameter, which has very small effects on the detector resolution and efficiency and can be obtained by using a safer fabrication technique.

Baldini A., Cavoto G., Cei F., Chiappini M., Chiarello G., Chiri C., et al. (2021). Detailed analysis of chemical corrosion of ultra-thin wires used in drift chamber detectors. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 16(12) [10.1088/1748-0221/16/12/T12003].

Detailed analysis of chemical corrosion of ultra-thin wires used in drift chamber detectors

Chiarello G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2021-12-01

Abstract

Ultra-thin metallic anode and cathode wires are frequently employed in low-mass gaseous detectors for precision experiments, where the amount of material crossed by charged particles must be minimised. We present here the results of an analysis of the mechanical stress and chemical corrosion effects observed in 40 and 50 mu m diameter silver plated aluminum wires mounted within the volume of the MEGII drift chamber, which caused the breakage of about one hundred wires (over a total of approximate to 12000). This analysis is based on the careful inspection of the broken wires by means of optical and electronic microscopes and on a detailed recording of all breaking incidents. We present a simple empirical model which relates the number of broken wires to their exposure time to atmospheric relative humidity and to their mechanical tension, which is necessary for mechanical stability in the presence of electrostatic fields of several kV/cm. Finally we discuss how wire breakages can be avoided or at least strongly reduced by operating in controlled atmosphere during the mounting stages of the wires within the drift chamber and by choosing a 25% thicker wire diameter, which has very small effects on the detector resolution and efficiency and can be obtained by using a safer fabrication technique.
dic-2021
Settore ING-INF/01 - Elettronica
https://arxiv.org/pdf/2108.13948.pdf
Baldini A., Cavoto G., Cei F., Chiappini M., Chiarello G., Chiri C., et al. (2021). Detailed analysis of chemical corrosion of ultra-thin wires used in drift chamber detectors. JOURNAL OF INSTRUMENTATION, 16(12) [10.1088/1748-0221/16/12/T12003].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/618913
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