Aims: The lung epithelial cells form a physical barrier to the external environment acting as the first line of defence against potentially harmful environmental stimuli. These cells interact with several other cellular components, of which macrophages are some of the most relevant. We analysed the effects of the PBDE-47 on the microRNA cargo of THP-1 macrophage like derived small Extracellular Vesicles (sEVs) and the effects on A549 lung epithelial cells.Main methods: sEVs from M(LPS) THP-1 macrophage-like cells after PBDE-47 treatment (sEVsPBDE+LPS) were characterized by nanoparticle tracking analysis and their microRNA cargo studied by qPCR. Confocal microscopy was applied to study sEVs cellular uptake by A549 cells. The expression of tight junctions (TJs), adhesion molecules, inflammation markers and mucus production in A549 cultured in air liquid interface (ALI) conditions were studied by Real Time PCR and confocal microscopy.Key findings: sEVsPBDE+LPS microRNA cargo analysis showed that the PBDE-47 modulated the expression of the miR-15a-5p, miR29a-3p, miR-143-3p and miR-122-5p. Furthermore, ALI cultured A549 cells incubated with sEVsPBDE+LPS showed that zonula occludens-1 (p <= 0.04), claudin (p <= 0.02), E-cadherin (p <= 0.006) and Vimentin (p <= 0.0008) mRNAs were increased in A549 cells after sEVsPBDE+LPS treatment. Indeed, Interleukin (IL)-8 (p <= 0.008) and mucin (MUC5AC and MUC5B) (p <= 0.03 and p <= 0.0001) mRNA expression were up-and down-regulated, respectively.Significance: PBDE-47 treated macrophages secrete sEVs with altered microRNA cargo that affect the mRNA expression of TJs, adhesion molecules, cytokines and EMT markers damaging the normal function of the lung epithelium, potentially contributing to the development of lung diseases.

Albano G.D., Longo V., Montalbano A.M., Aloi N., Barone R., Cibella F., et al. (2023). Extracellular vesicles from PBDE-47 treated M(LPS) THP-1 macrophages modulate the expression of markers of epithelial integrity, EMT, inflammation and muco-secretion in ALI culture of airway epithelium. LIFE SCIENCES, 322, 1-9 [10.1016/j.lfs.2023.121616].

Extracellular vesicles from PBDE-47 treated M(LPS) THP-1 macrophages modulate the expression of markers of epithelial integrity, EMT, inflammation and muco-secretion in ALI culture of airway epithelium

Montalbano A. M.;Barone R.;
2023-04-11

Abstract

Aims: The lung epithelial cells form a physical barrier to the external environment acting as the first line of defence against potentially harmful environmental stimuli. These cells interact with several other cellular components, of which macrophages are some of the most relevant. We analysed the effects of the PBDE-47 on the microRNA cargo of THP-1 macrophage like derived small Extracellular Vesicles (sEVs) and the effects on A549 lung epithelial cells.Main methods: sEVs from M(LPS) THP-1 macrophage-like cells after PBDE-47 treatment (sEVsPBDE+LPS) were characterized by nanoparticle tracking analysis and their microRNA cargo studied by qPCR. Confocal microscopy was applied to study sEVs cellular uptake by A549 cells. The expression of tight junctions (TJs), adhesion molecules, inflammation markers and mucus production in A549 cultured in air liquid interface (ALI) conditions were studied by Real Time PCR and confocal microscopy.Key findings: sEVsPBDE+LPS microRNA cargo analysis showed that the PBDE-47 modulated the expression of the miR-15a-5p, miR29a-3p, miR-143-3p and miR-122-5p. Furthermore, ALI cultured A549 cells incubated with sEVsPBDE+LPS showed that zonula occludens-1 (p <= 0.04), claudin (p <= 0.02), E-cadherin (p <= 0.006) and Vimentin (p <= 0.0008) mRNAs were increased in A549 cells after sEVsPBDE+LPS treatment. Indeed, Interleukin (IL)-8 (p <= 0.008) and mucin (MUC5AC and MUC5B) (p <= 0.03 and p <= 0.0001) mRNA expression were up-and down-regulated, respectively.Significance: PBDE-47 treated macrophages secrete sEVs with altered microRNA cargo that affect the mRNA expression of TJs, adhesion molecules, cytokines and EMT markers damaging the normal function of the lung epithelium, potentially contributing to the development of lung diseases.
11-apr-2023
Albano G.D., Longo V., Montalbano A.M., Aloi N., Barone R., Cibella F., et al. (2023). Extracellular vesicles from PBDE-47 treated M(LPS) THP-1 macrophages modulate the expression of markers of epithelial integrity, EMT, inflammation and muco-secretion in ALI culture of airway epithelium. LIFE SCIENCES, 322, 1-9 [10.1016/j.lfs.2023.121616].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/618618
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