Accurate material characterization of soft tissues is crucial for understanding the physiopathology of cardiovascular diseases. However, commercial biaxial testing systems are expensive, prompting the need for affordable custom solutions. This study aimed to develop a low-cost custom biaxial system capable of accurately characterizing the mechanical behavior of soft tissues. The biaxial system was constructed using 3D printing technology and non-captive linear actuators for precise displacement control. A real-time marker tracking system was implemented to estimate dis-placements without the need for costly hardware. The system's performance was evaluated through tests on a calibration spring and frozen porcine aorta samples. The linear actuators demonstrated excellent response to user position input after motor tuning, showing no discrepancies between commands and actual positions. The experimental testing of the calibration spring showed good agreement with the analytical solution, validating the system's ability to accurately test materials. Testing on porcine aorta samples revealed stress–strain responses consistent with existing literature, accounting for potential variations due to tissue preservation and regional material property heterogeneity. Overall, this custom biaxial system demonstrates promising performance in accurately assessing the mechanical behavior of soft tissues, providing researchers with a valuable tool for cardiovascular disease research and tissue engineering applications.

Pasta S., Catalano C., Crasci F., Scuoppo R. (2023). A custom-built planar biaxial system for soft tissue material testing. HARDWAREX, 16 [10.1016/j.ohx.2023.e00475].

A custom-built planar biaxial system for soft tissue material testing

Pasta S.;Catalano C.;Scuoppo R.
2023-12-01

Abstract

Accurate material characterization of soft tissues is crucial for understanding the physiopathology of cardiovascular diseases. However, commercial biaxial testing systems are expensive, prompting the need for affordable custom solutions. This study aimed to develop a low-cost custom biaxial system capable of accurately characterizing the mechanical behavior of soft tissues. The biaxial system was constructed using 3D printing technology and non-captive linear actuators for precise displacement control. A real-time marker tracking system was implemented to estimate dis-placements without the need for costly hardware. The system's performance was evaluated through tests on a calibration spring and frozen porcine aorta samples. The linear actuators demonstrated excellent response to user position input after motor tuning, showing no discrepancies between commands and actual positions. The experimental testing of the calibration spring showed good agreement with the analytical solution, validating the system's ability to accurately test materials. Testing on porcine aorta samples revealed stress–strain responses consistent with existing literature, accounting for potential variations due to tissue preservation and regional material property heterogeneity. Overall, this custom biaxial system demonstrates promising performance in accurately assessing the mechanical behavior of soft tissues, providing researchers with a valuable tool for cardiovascular disease research and tissue engineering applications.
dic-2023
Pasta S., Catalano C., Crasci F., Scuoppo R. (2023). A custom-built planar biaxial system for soft tissue material testing. HARDWAREX, 16 [10.1016/j.ohx.2023.e00475].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/618016
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