In recent years growing attention has been paid to the problem of brine disposal due to the raising awareness of significant environmental issues related to the use of desalination processes for fresh water production. This is particularly relevant when desalination units are located in remote sites, characterised by major complexity in the construction and management of intake and outfall structures. In the present work a novel device, named brine evaporative cooler/concentrator (BECC, patent pending), has been developed for coupling with small-scale thermal desalination plants in order to reduce the problem of brine disposal. Such device fulfils two different functions: i) cooling of the recirculating brine (which is often mixed with cold seawater to feed the unit, acting first as a cooling medium for the condensation of the vapour) and ii) concentration of the brine to de disposed. The BECC device is based on the principle of evaporative cooling, i.e. a primary liquid stream is cooled by means of a secondary liquid stream (by-pass stream), which in turn evaporates in contact with atmospheric air, thus being cooled naturally. The two streams are separated by a heat-conductive surface, through which heat is transferred from the primary stream to the cooling-evaporating by-pass stream. A lab scale BECC pilot unit has been designed, constructed and tested. Geometrical and operating features have been studied in order to allow the operation with concentrated brines, to minimise problems of corrosion, scaling and fouling. The first results have demonstrated the feasibility of the technology and a larger scale prototype unit has been designed for the installation within a 5 m3/d solar membrane distillation unit to be constructed in Pantelleria Island, Italy.
Cipollina, A., Micale, G., & Rizzuti, L. (2011). A brine evaporative cooler/concentrator for autonomous thermal desalination units. DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, 31(1/3), 269-278 [10.5004/dwt.2011.2345].
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Titolo:||A brine evaporative cooler/concentrator for autonomous thermal desalination units|
|Citazione:||Cipollina, A., Micale, G., & Rizzuti, L. (2011). A brine evaporative cooler/concentrator for autonomous thermal desalination units. DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, 31(1/3), 269-278 [10.5004/dwt.2011.2345].|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2011.2345|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore ING-IND/26 - Teoria Dello Sviluppo Dei Processi Chimici|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.01 Articolo in rivista|