It has long been recognized that the Adria Plate, as well as the Dinaric-Hellenic sector, contains a large volume of Triassic salt associated with diapirism, and it is well known that Triassic evaporites in the Mediterranean Sea region were deposited over epicratonic platforms surrounding the Mesozoic passive margin of Tethys Ocean. However, the real extent of these evaporites is still unknown; especially in the deep-water offshore area where publicly available seismic reflection profiles are scarce and petroleum exploration wells are missing. Several authors highlighted the presence of Triassic salt structures, mostly triggered by Meso-Cenozoic compressions and associated with fold-and-thrust belts. Both the lack of data and the later compressions contribute to hiding how a diapiric structure, formed in a passive margin and characterized by dome's geometry, is remoulded to assume a teardrop geometry typical of diapirs in fold-and-thrust belts. Two end members of diapiric structures are discussed: extensional structures formed in a passive margin, and compressional structures formed in a fold-thrust belt. The transformation of one end-member into the other is not well known. In the Northern Ionian Sea, the Apulian foreland, belonging to the southernmost termination of the Adria Plate and considered one of the largest preserved Mesozoic passive margin block of the Tethys Ocean, is a deep-water area associated with the opposing fronts of the nearby Calabrian Arc/Apennines and Dinaric-Hellenic Chains since the Cretaceous. Therefore, it represents an ideal area for investigating both the real extent of Triassic evaporites and the transformation of the diapiric structures under different regional geodynamic contexts. Based on seismic reflection profiles but no petroleum exploration wells, we present evidence of Triassic evaporites in the deep-water portion of the Apulian foreland, as indicated by the interpretation of two diapiric structures never described previously. These two new diapirs likely formed from inherited Mesozoic salt structures such as pillows and/or salt domes. The identification of halokinetic-related sequences affecting the Plio-Quaternary foreland sediments allows constraining the polyphaser evolution of the two diapirs. We suggest they are reactivated in response to the compressive stresses transmitted by the nearby Calabrian Arc/Southern Apennines and Hellenides. But, after the Middle Pleistocene, extensional tectonics, related to Adria Plate flexuring, acted again, and the diapirs were cross-cut by normal faults. These observations and findings are integrated into the geological context that controls the fundamental features of the diapirs, providing new insights on the fate of diapiric structures formed in a passive margin, later involved in a subducting and colliding plate, and before they become part of a fold-and-thrust belt. Furthermore, the study provides new constraints on the Triassic paleogeographic reconstruction of the Northern Ionian and Central Mediterranean Seas at the continental margin of the Tethys Ocean.

Chizzini N., Artoni A., Torelli L., Maiorana M., Sulli A. (2023). Evidence of new diapiric structures in the southern Adria Plate (Eastern Margin of Tethyan Ocean): Implications for Triassic paleogeography and evaporites remobilization during subduction/collision (Northern Ionian Sea, Central Mediterranean). MARINE GEOLOGY, 465(107162), 1-22 [10.1016/j.margeo.2023.107162].

Evidence of new diapiric structures in the southern Adria Plate (Eastern Margin of Tethyan Ocean): Implications for Triassic paleogeography and evaporites remobilization during subduction/collision (Northern Ionian Sea, Central Mediterranean)

Maiorana M.;Sulli A.
2023-10-12

Abstract

It has long been recognized that the Adria Plate, as well as the Dinaric-Hellenic sector, contains a large volume of Triassic salt associated with diapirism, and it is well known that Triassic evaporites in the Mediterranean Sea region were deposited over epicratonic platforms surrounding the Mesozoic passive margin of Tethys Ocean. However, the real extent of these evaporites is still unknown; especially in the deep-water offshore area where publicly available seismic reflection profiles are scarce and petroleum exploration wells are missing. Several authors highlighted the presence of Triassic salt structures, mostly triggered by Meso-Cenozoic compressions and associated with fold-and-thrust belts. Both the lack of data and the later compressions contribute to hiding how a diapiric structure, formed in a passive margin and characterized by dome's geometry, is remoulded to assume a teardrop geometry typical of diapirs in fold-and-thrust belts. Two end members of diapiric structures are discussed: extensional structures formed in a passive margin, and compressional structures formed in a fold-thrust belt. The transformation of one end-member into the other is not well known. In the Northern Ionian Sea, the Apulian foreland, belonging to the southernmost termination of the Adria Plate and considered one of the largest preserved Mesozoic passive margin block of the Tethys Ocean, is a deep-water area associated with the opposing fronts of the nearby Calabrian Arc/Apennines and Dinaric-Hellenic Chains since the Cretaceous. Therefore, it represents an ideal area for investigating both the real extent of Triassic evaporites and the transformation of the diapiric structures under different regional geodynamic contexts. Based on seismic reflection profiles but no petroleum exploration wells, we present evidence of Triassic evaporites in the deep-water portion of the Apulian foreland, as indicated by the interpretation of two diapiric structures never described previously. These two new diapirs likely formed from inherited Mesozoic salt structures such as pillows and/or salt domes. The identification of halokinetic-related sequences affecting the Plio-Quaternary foreland sediments allows constraining the polyphaser evolution of the two diapirs. We suggest they are reactivated in response to the compressive stresses transmitted by the nearby Calabrian Arc/Southern Apennines and Hellenides. But, after the Middle Pleistocene, extensional tectonics, related to Adria Plate flexuring, acted again, and the diapirs were cross-cut by normal faults. These observations and findings are integrated into the geological context that controls the fundamental features of the diapirs, providing new insights on the fate of diapiric structures formed in a passive margin, later involved in a subducting and colliding plate, and before they become part of a fold-and-thrust belt. Furthermore, the study provides new constraints on the Triassic paleogeographic reconstruction of the Northern Ionian and Central Mediterranean Seas at the continental margin of the Tethys Ocean.
12-ott-2023
Settore GEO/02 - Geologia Stratigrafica E Sedimentologica
Settore GEO/03 - Geologia Strutturale
Chizzini N., Artoni A., Torelli L., Maiorana M., Sulli A. (2023). Evidence of new diapiric structures in the southern Adria Plate (Eastern Margin of Tethyan Ocean): Implications for Triassic paleogeography and evaporites remobilization during subduction/collision (Northern Ionian Sea, Central Mediterranean). MARINE GEOLOGY, 465(107162), 1-22 [10.1016/j.margeo.2023.107162].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/615613
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