Background: The clinical role of microsatellite instability (MSI) in gastric cancer (GC) is controversial. A large series of patients submitted to respective surgery for primary GC with a long follow-up time was evaluated. Methods: 472 patients with prospectively collected frozen samples of normal mucosa and tumor tissue stored in a biological tissue bank were included. Microsatellite analysis was evaluated using 5 quasi monomorphic mononucleotide repeats (BAT-26, BAT-25, NR-24, NR-21, and NR-27). The presence of MSI in 2 or more loci was classified as MSI-H, whereas all other cases were included in the microsatellite-stable (MSS) group. Results: MSI-H phenotype was found in 111 of 472 patients (23.5 %). MSI-H status was related significantly with older age, female gender, non-cardia location, WHO histotype, non-cardia Lauren intestinal type, and less advanced stages. Cancer-related 5-year survival was significantly higher in MSI-H versus MSS group (67.6 % vs. 35 %, p < 0.001). Stratified analysis revealed a significant impact of MSI on prognosis in non-cardia tumors of intestinal type or tubular/poorly differentiated histology, particularly in stages II and III; multivariate Cox regression analysis confirmed MSS status as a strong predictor of poor prognosis (hazard ratio 2.65, 95 % CI 1.56–4.51, p < 0.001) in non-cardia intestinal type. No prognostic value of MSI in the diffuse-mixed type and signet-ring cell/mucinous histotypes was observed. Conclusions: MSI was confirmed as a significant predictor of long term outcome in a large series of GC with a long follow-up time, but the prognostic value is limited to selected histotypes of non-cardia tumors.

Marrelli D., Polom K., Pascale V., Vindigni C., Piagnerelli R., De Franco L., et al. (2016). Strong Prognostic Value of Microsatellite Instability in Intestinal Type Non-cardia Gastric Cancer. ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 23(3), 943-950 [10.1245/s10434-015-4931-3].

Strong Prognostic Value of Microsatellite Instability in Intestinal Type Non-cardia Gastric Cancer

Ferrara F.;
2016-03-01

Abstract

Background: The clinical role of microsatellite instability (MSI) in gastric cancer (GC) is controversial. A large series of patients submitted to respective surgery for primary GC with a long follow-up time was evaluated. Methods: 472 patients with prospectively collected frozen samples of normal mucosa and tumor tissue stored in a biological tissue bank were included. Microsatellite analysis was evaluated using 5 quasi monomorphic mononucleotide repeats (BAT-26, BAT-25, NR-24, NR-21, and NR-27). The presence of MSI in 2 or more loci was classified as MSI-H, whereas all other cases were included in the microsatellite-stable (MSS) group. Results: MSI-H phenotype was found in 111 of 472 patients (23.5 %). MSI-H status was related significantly with older age, female gender, non-cardia location, WHO histotype, non-cardia Lauren intestinal type, and less advanced stages. Cancer-related 5-year survival was significantly higher in MSI-H versus MSS group (67.6 % vs. 35 %, p < 0.001). Stratified analysis revealed a significant impact of MSI on prognosis in non-cardia tumors of intestinal type or tubular/poorly differentiated histology, particularly in stages II and III; multivariate Cox regression analysis confirmed MSS status as a strong predictor of poor prognosis (hazard ratio 2.65, 95 % CI 1.56–4.51, p < 0.001) in non-cardia intestinal type. No prognostic value of MSI in the diffuse-mixed type and signet-ring cell/mucinous histotypes was observed. Conclusions: MSI was confirmed as a significant predictor of long term outcome in a large series of GC with a long follow-up time, but the prognostic value is limited to selected histotypes of non-cardia tumors.
mar-2016
Marrelli D., Polom K., Pascale V., Vindigni C., Piagnerelli R., De Franco L., et al. (2016). Strong Prognostic Value of Microsatellite Instability in Intestinal Type Non-cardia Gastric Cancer. ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 23(3), 943-950 [10.1245/s10434-015-4931-3].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/609836
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