: The ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA) is a permanent dilatation of the vessel with a high risk of adverse events, and shows heterogeneous properties. To investigate regional differences in the biomechanical properties of ATAAs, tissue samples were collected from 10 patients with tricuspid aortic valve phenotype and specimens from minor, anterior, major, and posterior regions were subjected to multi-ratio planar biaxial extension tests and second-harmonic generation (SHG) imaging. Using the data, parameters of a microstructure-motivated constitutive model were obtained considering fiber dispersion. SHG imaging showed disruptions in the organization of the layers. Structural and material parameters did not differ significantly between regions. The non-symmetric fiber dispersion model proposed by Holzapfel et al. [25] was used to fit the data. The mean angle of collagen fibers was negatively correlated between minor and anterior regions, and the parameter associated with collagen fiber stiffness was positively correlated between minor and major regions. Furthermore, correlations were found between the stiffness of the ground matrix and the mean fiber angle, and between the parameter associated with the collagen fiber stiffness and the out-of-plane dispersion parameter in the posterior and minor regions, respectively. The experimental data collected in this study contribute to the biomechanical data available in the literature on human ATAAs. Region-specific parameters for the constitutive models are fundamental to improve the current risk stratification strategies, which are mainly based on aortic size. Such investigations can facilitate the development of more advanced finite element models capable of capturing the regional heterogeneity of pathological tissues. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Tissue samples of human ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA) were collected. Samples from four regions underwent multi-ratio planar biaxial extension tests and second-harmonic generation imaging. Region-specific parameters of a microstructure-motivated model considering fiber dispersion were obtained. Structural and material parameters did not differ significantly between regions, however, the mean fiber angle was negatively correlated between minor and anterior regions, and the parameter associated with collagen fiber stiffness was positively correlated between minor and major regions. Furthermore, correlations were found between the stiffness of the ground matrix and the mean fiber angle, and between the parameter associated with the collagen fiber stiffness and the out-of-plane dispersion parameter in the posterior and minor regions, respectively. This study provides a unique set of mechanical and structural data, supporting the microstructural influence on the tissue response. It may facilitate the development of better finite element models capable of capturing the regional tissue heterogeneity.

Cosentino F., Sherifova S., Sommer G., Raffa G., Pilato M., Pasta S., et al. (2023). Regional biomechanical characterization of human ascending aortic aneurysms: Microstructure and biaxial mechanical response. ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, 169, 107-117 [10.1016/j.actbio.2023.08.016].

Regional biomechanical characterization of human ascending aortic aneurysms: Microstructure and biaxial mechanical response

Cosentino F.;Pasta S.;
2023-10-01

Abstract

: The ascending thoracic aortic aneurysm (ATAA) is a permanent dilatation of the vessel with a high risk of adverse events, and shows heterogeneous properties. To investigate regional differences in the biomechanical properties of ATAAs, tissue samples were collected from 10 patients with tricuspid aortic valve phenotype and specimens from minor, anterior, major, and posterior regions were subjected to multi-ratio planar biaxial extension tests and second-harmonic generation (SHG) imaging. Using the data, parameters of a microstructure-motivated constitutive model were obtained considering fiber dispersion. SHG imaging showed disruptions in the organization of the layers. Structural and material parameters did not differ significantly between regions. The non-symmetric fiber dispersion model proposed by Holzapfel et al. [25] was used to fit the data. The mean angle of collagen fibers was negatively correlated between minor and anterior regions, and the parameter associated with collagen fiber stiffness was positively correlated between minor and major regions. Furthermore, correlations were found between the stiffness of the ground matrix and the mean fiber angle, and between the parameter associated with the collagen fiber stiffness and the out-of-plane dispersion parameter in the posterior and minor regions, respectively. The experimental data collected in this study contribute to the biomechanical data available in the literature on human ATAAs. Region-specific parameters for the constitutive models are fundamental to improve the current risk stratification strategies, which are mainly based on aortic size. Such investigations can facilitate the development of more advanced finite element models capable of capturing the regional heterogeneity of pathological tissues. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Tissue samples of human ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA) were collected. Samples from four regions underwent multi-ratio planar biaxial extension tests and second-harmonic generation imaging. Region-specific parameters of a microstructure-motivated model considering fiber dispersion were obtained. Structural and material parameters did not differ significantly between regions, however, the mean fiber angle was negatively correlated between minor and anterior regions, and the parameter associated with collagen fiber stiffness was positively correlated between minor and major regions. Furthermore, correlations were found between the stiffness of the ground matrix and the mean fiber angle, and between the parameter associated with the collagen fiber stiffness and the out-of-plane dispersion parameter in the posterior and minor regions, respectively. This study provides a unique set of mechanical and structural data, supporting the microstructural influence on the tissue response. It may facilitate the development of better finite element models capable of capturing the regional tissue heterogeneity.
1-ott-2023
Settore ING-IND/34 - Bioingegneria Industriale
Cosentino F., Sherifova S., Sommer G., Raffa G., Pilato M., Pasta S., et al. (2023). Regional biomechanical characterization of human ascending aortic aneurysms: Microstructure and biaxial mechanical response. ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, 169, 107-117 [10.1016/j.actbio.2023.08.016].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/609136
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