This paper reports two new quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays, developed in an attempt to improve the detection of bovine piroplasmids. The first of these techniques is a duplex TaqMan assay for the simultaneous diagnosis of Babesia bovis and B. bigemina. This technique is ideal for use in South America where bovids harbour no theilerids. The second technique, which is suitable for the diagnosis of both babesiosis and theileriosis worldwide, involves fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) probes. In FRET assays, Babesia bovis, B. divergens, Babesia sp. (B. major or B. bigemina), Theileria annae and Theileria sp. were all identifiable based on the melting temperatures of their amplified fragments. Both techniques provided linear calibration curves over the 0.1fg/microl to 0.01ng/microl DNA range. The assays showed good sensitivity and specificity. To assess their performance, both procedures were compared in two separate studies: the first was intended to monitor the experimental infection of calves with B. bovis and the second was a survey where 200 bovid/equine DNA samples from different countries were screened for piroplasmids. Comparative studies showed that duplex TaqMan qPCR was more sensitive than FRET qPCR in the detection of babesids.

Criado Fornelio, A., Buling, A., Asenzo, G., Benitez, D., Florin Christensen, M., Gonzalez Oliva, A., et al. (2009). Development of fluorogenic probe-based PCR assays for the detection and quantification of bovine piroplasmids. VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY, 2009, 200-206 [10.1016].

Development of fluorogenic probe-based PCR assays for the detection and quantification of bovine piroplasmids.

AGNONE, Annalisa;
2009

Abstract

This paper reports two new quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays, developed in an attempt to improve the detection of bovine piroplasmids. The first of these techniques is a duplex TaqMan assay for the simultaneous diagnosis of Babesia bovis and B. bigemina. This technique is ideal for use in South America where bovids harbour no theilerids. The second technique, which is suitable for the diagnosis of both babesiosis and theileriosis worldwide, involves fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) probes. In FRET assays, Babesia bovis, B. divergens, Babesia sp. (B. major or B. bigemina), Theileria annae and Theileria sp. were all identifiable based on the melting temperatures of their amplified fragments. Both techniques provided linear calibration curves over the 0.1fg/microl to 0.01ng/microl DNA range. The assays showed good sensitivity and specificity. To assess their performance, both procedures were compared in two separate studies: the first was intended to monitor the experimental infection of calves with B. bovis and the second was a survey where 200 bovid/equine DNA samples from different countries were screened for piroplasmids. Comparative studies showed that duplex TaqMan qPCR was more sensitive than FRET qPCR in the detection of babesids.
Criado Fornelio, A., Buling, A., Asenzo, G., Benitez, D., Florin Christensen, M., Gonzalez Oliva, A., et al. (2009). Development of fluorogenic probe-based PCR assays for the detection and quantification of bovine piroplasmids. VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY, 2009, 200-206 [10.1016].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/60814
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