The photochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) into methanol is very appealing since it requires sunlight as the only energy input. However, the development of highly selective and efficient photocatalysts is still very challenging. It has been reported that CO2 can be spontaneously activated on gallium nitride (GaN). Moreover, the photocatalytic activity for CO2 conversion into methanol can be drastically enhanced by incorporating a small amount of Mg dopant. In this work, density functional theory (DFT) based on a cluster model approach has been applied to further explore the photocatalytic activity of bare GaN towards CO2 adsorption and conversion. We extended the investigation of Mg-doping replacing one Ga atom with Mg on three different sites and evaluated the consequent effects on the band gaps and CO2 adsorption energies. Finally, we explore different routes leading to the production of methanol and evaluate the catalytic activity of bare GaN by applying the energetic span model (ESM) in order to identify the rate-determining states which are fundamental for suggesting modifications that can improve the photocatalytic activity of this promising material.

Butera V., Detz H. (2021). Photochemical CO2conversion on pristine and Mg-doped gallium nitride (GaN): A comprehensive DFT study based on a cluster model approach. MATERIALS CHEMISTRY FRONTIERS, 5(23), 8206-8217 [10.1039/d1qm01118a].

Photochemical CO2conversion on pristine and Mg-doped gallium nitride (GaN): A comprehensive DFT study based on a cluster model approach

Butera V.
Primo
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The photochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) into methanol is very appealing since it requires sunlight as the only energy input. However, the development of highly selective and efficient photocatalysts is still very challenging. It has been reported that CO2 can be spontaneously activated on gallium nitride (GaN). Moreover, the photocatalytic activity for CO2 conversion into methanol can be drastically enhanced by incorporating a small amount of Mg dopant. In this work, density functional theory (DFT) based on a cluster model approach has been applied to further explore the photocatalytic activity of bare GaN towards CO2 adsorption and conversion. We extended the investigation of Mg-doping replacing one Ga atom with Mg on three different sites and evaluated the consequent effects on the band gaps and CO2 adsorption energies. Finally, we explore different routes leading to the production of methanol and evaluate the catalytic activity of bare GaN by applying the energetic span model (ESM) in order to identify the rate-determining states which are fundamental for suggesting modifications that can improve the photocatalytic activity of this promising material.
2021
Butera V., Detz H. (2021). Photochemical CO2conversion on pristine and Mg-doped gallium nitride (GaN): A comprehensive DFT study based on a cluster model approach. MATERIALS CHEMISTRY FRONTIERS, 5(23), 8206-8217 [10.1039/d1qm01118a].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Mater_Chem_Tod.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 3.35 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.35 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/607935
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact