Tissue fluidification and collective motility are pivotal in regulating embryonic morphogenesis, wound healing and tumor metastasis. These processes frequently require that each cell constituent of a tissue coordinates its migration activity and directed motion through the oriented extension of lamellipodia cell protrusions, promoted by RAC1 activity. While the upstream RAC1 regulators in individual migratory cells or leader cells during invasion or wound healing are well characterized, how RAC1 is controlled in follower cells remains unknown. Here, we identify a novel MYO6-DOCK7 axis that is critical for spatially restriction of RAC1 activity in a planar polarized fashion in model tissue monolayers. The MYO6-DOCK7 axis specifically controls the extension of cryptic lamellipodia required to drive tissue fluidification and cooperative mode motion in otherwise solid and static carcinoma cell collectives. Highlights: Collective motion of jammed epithelia requires myosin VI activityThe MYO6-DOCK7 axis is critical to restrict the activity of RAC1 in a planar polarized fashionMYO6-DOCK7-RAC1 activation ensures long-range coordination of movements by promoting orientation and persistence of cryptic lamellipodiaMyosin VI overexpression is exploited by infiltrating breast cancer cells.

Menin, L., Weber, J., Villa, S., Martini, E., Maspero, E., Cancila, V., et al. (2023). A planar-polarized MYO6-DOCK7-RAC1 axis promotes tissue fluidification in mammary epithelia. CELL REPORTS [10.1101/2023.01.23.524898].

A planar-polarized MYO6-DOCK7-RAC1 axis promotes tissue fluidification in mammary epithelia

Cancila, Valeria;Tripodo, Claudio;
2023-01-23

Abstract

Tissue fluidification and collective motility are pivotal in regulating embryonic morphogenesis, wound healing and tumor metastasis. These processes frequently require that each cell constituent of a tissue coordinates its migration activity and directed motion through the oriented extension of lamellipodia cell protrusions, promoted by RAC1 activity. While the upstream RAC1 regulators in individual migratory cells or leader cells during invasion or wound healing are well characterized, how RAC1 is controlled in follower cells remains unknown. Here, we identify a novel MYO6-DOCK7 axis that is critical for spatially restriction of RAC1 activity in a planar polarized fashion in model tissue monolayers. The MYO6-DOCK7 axis specifically controls the extension of cryptic lamellipodia required to drive tissue fluidification and cooperative mode motion in otherwise solid and static carcinoma cell collectives. Highlights: Collective motion of jammed epithelia requires myosin VI activityThe MYO6-DOCK7 axis is critical to restrict the activity of RAC1 in a planar polarized fashionMYO6-DOCK7-RAC1 activation ensures long-range coordination of movements by promoting orientation and persistence of cryptic lamellipodiaMyosin VI overexpression is exploited by infiltrating breast cancer cells.
23-gen-2023
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
Settore MED/05 - Patologia Clinica
Menin, L., Weber, J., Villa, S., Martini, E., Maspero, E., Cancila, V., et al. (2023). A planar-polarized MYO6-DOCK7-RAC1 axis promotes tissue fluidification in mammary epithelia. CELL REPORTS [10.1101/2023.01.23.524898].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/607356
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