Objective: To summarize evidence from Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of Virtual Reality Technology (VRT), as used by patients, for reducing pain during outpatient hysteroscopy. Data sources: Electronic databases and clinical registers were searched until 21th June 2023. The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO before the data extraction (CRD42023434340). Methods of study selection: We included RCTs of patients receiving VRT compared with controls receiving routine care during outpatient hysteroscopy. Tabulation, integration and results: The primary outcome was average pain during hysteroscopy. Pooled results were expressed as mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Sources of heterogeneity were investigated through sensitivity and subgroups analysis. 5 RCTs were included (435 participants). The comparison between the intervention and control groups showed a borderline difference in perceived pain during hysteroscopy (MD -0.88, 95%CI -1.77, 0.01). Subgroup analysis based on the type of VRT (Active or Passive) indicated that Active VRT potentially reduced the perception of pain (MD -1.42, 95%CI -2.21, -0.62), while Passive VRT had no effect (MD -0.06, 95%CI -1.15, 1.03). Conclusion: Patients' use of active VRT may be associated with a reduction in pain during outpatient hysteroscopy (evidence GRADE 2/4). Future research should focus on conducting methodologically robust studies with larger sample sizes and more homogeneous populations.

Vitagliano, A., Dellino, M., Favilli, A., D' Amato, A., Nicolì, P., Laganà, A.S., et al. (2023). Patients' use of virtual reality technology for pain reduction during outpatient hysteroscopy: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JOURNAL OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE GYNECOLOGY [10.1016/j.jmig.2023.08.427].

Patients' use of virtual reality technology for pain reduction during outpatient hysteroscopy: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Laganà, Antonio Simone;
2023-08-28

Abstract

Objective: To summarize evidence from Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of Virtual Reality Technology (VRT), as used by patients, for reducing pain during outpatient hysteroscopy. Data sources: Electronic databases and clinical registers were searched until 21th June 2023. The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO before the data extraction (CRD42023434340). Methods of study selection: We included RCTs of patients receiving VRT compared with controls receiving routine care during outpatient hysteroscopy. Tabulation, integration and results: The primary outcome was average pain during hysteroscopy. Pooled results were expressed as mean differences (MD) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Sources of heterogeneity were investigated through sensitivity and subgroups analysis. 5 RCTs were included (435 participants). The comparison between the intervention and control groups showed a borderline difference in perceived pain during hysteroscopy (MD -0.88, 95%CI -1.77, 0.01). Subgroup analysis based on the type of VRT (Active or Passive) indicated that Active VRT potentially reduced the perception of pain (MD -1.42, 95%CI -2.21, -0.62), while Passive VRT had no effect (MD -0.06, 95%CI -1.15, 1.03). Conclusion: Patients' use of active VRT may be associated with a reduction in pain during outpatient hysteroscopy (evidence GRADE 2/4). Future research should focus on conducting methodologically robust studies with larger sample sizes and more homogeneous populations.
28-ago-2023
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia E Ostetricia
Vitagliano, A., Dellino, M., Favilli, A., D' Amato, A., Nicolì, P., Laganà, A.S., et al. (2023). Patients' use of virtual reality technology for pain reduction during outpatient hysteroscopy: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JOURNAL OF MINIMALLY INVASIVE GYNECOLOGY [10.1016/j.jmig.2023.08.427].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/607093
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