From the fifteenth century onward, the hospital ceased to be a reflection of Christian charity and became a vehicle for managing the common good. Previously, the spread of spirituality influenced by the mendicant orders stimulated new forms of piety and broader works of charity, including visits to the sick and hospital management and the distribution of food and clothing. The late Middle Ages saw a radical change. Hospitals became multipurpose centers dedicated to various types of care. In alignment with a trend observed throughout Europe, the major Sicilian cities (Messina, Catania, Palermo, Syracuse, and Trapani) adapted their own hospital systems to the new reforms. The small institutions that had provided care and minimal forms of treatment were aggregated into large new hospitals. Urban hospitals took on the task of accommodating groups unable to provide for their own needs (pilgrims, abandoned children, old invalids, or women in labor). While the medieval hospital provided shelter and care for a limited number of needy, the modern hospital underwent progressive medicalization. More and more, thanks also to the ideas spread by the humanist author Leon Battista Alberti, the hospital in the Renaissance became central and identifiable in the city skyline, as evidenced by the monumentality of buildings and the richness of their ornaments.

A partire dal XV secolo, l'ospedale cessa di essere un riflesso della carità cristiana e diventa un veicolo per la gestione del bene comune. In precedenza, la diffusione della spiritualità influenzata dagli Ordini mendicanti aveva stimolato nuove forme di pietà e opere di carità più ampie, tra cui le visite ai malati, la gestione degli ospedali e la distribuzione di cibo e vestiario. Il tardo Medioevo vide un un cambiamento radicale. Gli ospedali divennero centri polifunzionali dedicati a vari tipi di cure. In linea con una tendenza osservata in tutta Europa, le principali città siciliane (Messina, Catania, Palermo, Siracusa e Trapani) adattarono i propri sistemi ospedalieri alle esigenze di riforma. Le piccole istituzioni che avevano fornito assistenza e forme minime di cura vennero aggregate in nuovi grandi ospedali. Gli ospedali ospedali urbani assunsero il compito di accogliere i gruppi non in grado di provvedere alle loro necessità (pellegrini, bambini abbandonati, vecchi invalidi, donne sole). Se l’ospedale medievale forniva ricovero e cure a un numero limitato di bisognosi, si assiste a una progressiva medicalizzazione. Sempre di più, grazie anche anche alle idee diffuse da Leon Battista Alberti, l'ospedale nel Rinascimento divenne centrale e identificabile nello skyline della città, come testimoniano la monumentalità degli edifici e la e la ricchezza dei loro ornamenti.

Santoro Daniela (2023). Hospital Reform in Palermo. In K. Poole, S. Sutherland (a cura di), RRO – The Renaissance World (pp. 1-7). London : Taylor & Francis Group [10.4324/9780367347093-RERW111-1].

Hospital Reform in Palermo

Santoro Daniela
2023-06-01

Abstract

From the fifteenth century onward, the hospital ceased to be a reflection of Christian charity and became a vehicle for managing the common good. Previously, the spread of spirituality influenced by the mendicant orders stimulated new forms of piety and broader works of charity, including visits to the sick and hospital management and the distribution of food and clothing. The late Middle Ages saw a radical change. Hospitals became multipurpose centers dedicated to various types of care. In alignment with a trend observed throughout Europe, the major Sicilian cities (Messina, Catania, Palermo, Syracuse, and Trapani) adapted their own hospital systems to the new reforms. The small institutions that had provided care and minimal forms of treatment were aggregated into large new hospitals. Urban hospitals took on the task of accommodating groups unable to provide for their own needs (pilgrims, abandoned children, old invalids, or women in labor). While the medieval hospital provided shelter and care for a limited number of needy, the modern hospital underwent progressive medicalization. More and more, thanks also to the ideas spread by the humanist author Leon Battista Alberti, the hospital in the Renaissance became central and identifiable in the city skyline, as evidenced by the monumentality of buildings and the richness of their ornaments.
La riforma ospedaliera a Palermo
giu-2023
Settore M-STO/01 - Storia Medievale
Santoro Daniela (2023). Hospital Reform in Palermo. In K. Poole, S. Sutherland (a cura di), RRO – The Renaissance World (pp. 1-7). London : Taylor & Francis Group [10.4324/9780367347093-RERW111-1].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/600413
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