Platinum group elements (PGEs) can be naturally found at very low concentrations in the Earth's crust. However, the increasing uses of PGEs in vehicle exhaust catalysts, in addition to some other applications (industry, jewelry, anticancer drugs) cause their anthropogenic emission and dispersion in the environment. The use of human hair samples analysis is considered a suitable biological indicator to assess human occupational and environmental exposure. It is an easily accessible material for individuals or population groups of non-invasive sampling. The aim of this study is a comparative analysis to investigate human hair content of Pd and Pt in adolescents, of both genders, residing near petrochemical plants of Augusta and Gela, in urban area of Palermo, and Lentini as control site (Sicily, Italy). A total of 108 samples were taken from school students (11-14 years old). Hair samples were cleaned, mineralized, and processed for analyses by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The samples from the industrial sites of Gela and Augusta do not have statistically significant differences between them for either Pd for Pt; however, they differ from the samples relating to the city of Palermo. Median Pd concentrations are higher than Pt in industrial sites and control site. In urban site the levels of both metals were comparable. The study does not reveal any statistically significant difference between Pd and Pt concentrations in female and male samples. The data confirm that the study areas are heavily affected by industrial and urban emissions of Pd and Pt, representing a potential hazard to the local population.

Lo Medico F., Varrica D., Alaimo M.G. (2023). Occurrence of palladium and platinum in human scalp hair of adolescents living in urban and industrial sites. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 892, 164777 [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.164777].

Occurrence of palladium and platinum in human scalp hair of adolescents living in urban and industrial sites

Lo Medico F.
Primo
;
Varrica D.
Secondo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Alaimo M. G.
Ultimo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2023-09-01

Abstract

Platinum group elements (PGEs) can be naturally found at very low concentrations in the Earth's crust. However, the increasing uses of PGEs in vehicle exhaust catalysts, in addition to some other applications (industry, jewelry, anticancer drugs) cause their anthropogenic emission and dispersion in the environment. The use of human hair samples analysis is considered a suitable biological indicator to assess human occupational and environmental exposure. It is an easily accessible material for individuals or population groups of non-invasive sampling. The aim of this study is a comparative analysis to investigate human hair content of Pd and Pt in adolescents, of both genders, residing near petrochemical plants of Augusta and Gela, in urban area of Palermo, and Lentini as control site (Sicily, Italy). A total of 108 samples were taken from school students (11-14 years old). Hair samples were cleaned, mineralized, and processed for analyses by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The samples from the industrial sites of Gela and Augusta do not have statistically significant differences between them for either Pd for Pt; however, they differ from the samples relating to the city of Palermo. Median Pd concentrations are higher than Pt in industrial sites and control site. In urban site the levels of both metals were comparable. The study does not reveal any statistically significant difference between Pd and Pt concentrations in female and male samples. The data confirm that the study areas are heavily affected by industrial and urban emissions of Pd and Pt, representing a potential hazard to the local population.
set-2023
Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica E Vulcanologia
Settore BIO/01 - Botanica Generale
Lo Medico F., Varrica D., Alaimo M.G. (2023). Occurrence of palladium and platinum in human scalp hair of adolescents living in urban and industrial sites. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 892, 164777 [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.164777].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/598533
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