Background Antimicrobial resistance represents a major critical issue for the management of the critically ill patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU), since infections by multidrug-resistant bacteria are characterized by high morbidity and mortality, high rates of treatment failure, and increased healthcare costs worldwide. It is also well known that antimicrobial resistance can emerge as a result of inadequate antimicrobial therapy, in terms of drug selection and/or treatment duration. The application of antimicrobial stewardship principles in ICUs improves the quality of antimicrobial therapy management. However, it needs specific considerations related to the critical setting. Methods The aim of this consensus document gathering a multidisciplinary panel of experts was to discuss principles of antimicrobial stewardship in ICU and to produce statements that facilitate their clinical application and optimize their effectiveness. The methodology used was a modified nominal group discussion. Conclusion The final set of statements underlined the importance of the specific interpretation of antimicrobial stewardship’s principles in critically ill patient management, quasi-targeted therapy, the use of rapid diagnostic methods, the personalization of antimicrobial therapies’ duration, obtaining microbiological surveillance data, the use of PK/PD targets, and the use of specific indicators in antimicrobial stewardship programs.

Cortegiani, A., Antonelli, M., Falcone, M., Giarratano, A., Girardis, M., Leone, M., et al. (2023). Rationale and clinical application of antimicrobial stewardship principles in the intensive care unit: a multidisciplinary statement. JOURNAL OF ANESTHESIA, ANALGESIA AND CRITICAL CARE, 3(11) [10.1186/s44158-023-00095-6].

Rationale and clinical application of antimicrobial stewardship principles in the intensive care unit: a multidisciplinary statement

Cortegiani, Andrea
;
Giarratano, Antonino;
2023-05-01

Abstract

Background Antimicrobial resistance represents a major critical issue for the management of the critically ill patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU), since infections by multidrug-resistant bacteria are characterized by high morbidity and mortality, high rates of treatment failure, and increased healthcare costs worldwide. It is also well known that antimicrobial resistance can emerge as a result of inadequate antimicrobial therapy, in terms of drug selection and/or treatment duration. The application of antimicrobial stewardship principles in ICUs improves the quality of antimicrobial therapy management. However, it needs specific considerations related to the critical setting. Methods The aim of this consensus document gathering a multidisciplinary panel of experts was to discuss principles of antimicrobial stewardship in ICU and to produce statements that facilitate their clinical application and optimize their effectiveness. The methodology used was a modified nominal group discussion. Conclusion The final set of statements underlined the importance of the specific interpretation of antimicrobial stewardship’s principles in critically ill patient management, quasi-targeted therapy, the use of rapid diagnostic methods, the personalization of antimicrobial therapies’ duration, obtaining microbiological surveillance data, the use of PK/PD targets, and the use of specific indicators in antimicrobial stewardship programs.
1-mag-2023
Cortegiani, A., Antonelli, M., Falcone, M., Giarratano, A., Girardis, M., Leone, M., et al. (2023). Rationale and clinical application of antimicrobial stewardship principles in the intensive care unit: a multidisciplinary statement. JOURNAL OF ANESTHESIA, ANALGESIA AND CRITICAL CARE, 3(11) [10.1186/s44158-023-00095-6].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/596156
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