Background and purpose Patients with cervical spondylosis often present with concurrent 'atypical symptoms' of unknown etiology that have been associated with cervical spondylotic disease, including dizziness, headache, nausea, tinnitus, blurred vision, palpitations, and memory and gastrointestinal disturbances. Few studies have addressed whether surgical intervention to treat classic symptoms of cervical spondylosis can also effectively alleviate atypical symptoms. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to compare the ability of cervical arthroplasty (CA) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) to alleviate atypical symptoms associated with cervical spondylosis. Materials and methods A retrospective analysis of 140 patients with cervical spondylosis and associated atypical symptoms was performed. Atypical symptoms were defined vertigo, headache, nausea and vomiting, tinnitus, blur vision, palpitation, hypomnesia, and gastroenteric disturbances not otherwise explained by medical comorbidities. Seventy-eight patients (55.7%) underwent ACDF and 62 (44.3%) patients underwent CA. Demographics, surgical characteristics, patient reported outcome measures (PROMs), radiographs, complication rates, and resolution in atypical symptoms were recorded and compared between groups. Atypical symptoms were assessed using a 20-point system. All the patients had a minimum of five years follow-up. Results VAS, SF-36, JOA, and NDI scores improved significantly in all the patients (p < 0.001). At the last follow-up, the fusion rate was 97% in the ACDF group. Atypical symptoms improved in both groups (p < 0.001), although the ACDF group demonstrated greater improvement in headache and vertigo resolution compared to the CA group (p < 0.0001). Conclusions While both ACDF and CA are effective in alleviating atypical symptoms associated with cervical spondylosis, ACDF demonstrated greater improvements in atypical symptoms.

Grasso, G., Torregrossa, F., Karamian, B.A., Canseco, J.A., Vaccaro, A.R. (2022). Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is more effective than cervical arthroplasty in relieving atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY, 36(6), 777-785 [10.1080/02688697.2022.2077309].

Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is more effective than cervical arthroplasty in relieving atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis

Grasso, Giovanni
;
Torregrossa, Fabio;
2022-12-01

Abstract

Background and purpose Patients with cervical spondylosis often present with concurrent 'atypical symptoms' of unknown etiology that have been associated with cervical spondylotic disease, including dizziness, headache, nausea, tinnitus, blurred vision, palpitations, and memory and gastrointestinal disturbances. Few studies have addressed whether surgical intervention to treat classic symptoms of cervical spondylosis can also effectively alleviate atypical symptoms. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to compare the ability of cervical arthroplasty (CA) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) to alleviate atypical symptoms associated with cervical spondylosis. Materials and methods A retrospective analysis of 140 patients with cervical spondylosis and associated atypical symptoms was performed. Atypical symptoms were defined vertigo, headache, nausea and vomiting, tinnitus, blur vision, palpitation, hypomnesia, and gastroenteric disturbances not otherwise explained by medical comorbidities. Seventy-eight patients (55.7%) underwent ACDF and 62 (44.3%) patients underwent CA. Demographics, surgical characteristics, patient reported outcome measures (PROMs), radiographs, complication rates, and resolution in atypical symptoms were recorded and compared between groups. Atypical symptoms were assessed using a 20-point system. All the patients had a minimum of five years follow-up. Results VAS, SF-36, JOA, and NDI scores improved significantly in all the patients (p < 0.001). At the last follow-up, the fusion rate was 97% in the ACDF group. Atypical symptoms improved in both groups (p < 0.001), although the ACDF group demonstrated greater improvement in headache and vertigo resolution compared to the CA group (p < 0.0001). Conclusions While both ACDF and CA are effective in alleviating atypical symptoms associated with cervical spondylosis, ACDF demonstrated greater improvements in atypical symptoms.
dic-2022
Grasso, G., Torregrossa, F., Karamian, B.A., Canseco, J.A., Vaccaro, A.R. (2022). Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is more effective than cervical arthroplasty in relieving atypical symptoms in patients with cervical spondylosis. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGERY, 36(6), 777-785 [10.1080/02688697.2022.2077309].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/592589
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