Background & Aims: The histopathological subtypes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are associated with distinct clinical features and prognoses. This study aims to report Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS)-defined imaging features of different HCC subtypes in a cohort of resected tumours and to assess the influence of HCC subtypes on computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) LI-RADS categorisation in the subgroup of high-risk patients.Methods: This retrospective institutional review board-approved study included patients with resected HCCs and available histopathological classification. Three radiologists independently reviewed preoperative CT and MRI exams. The readers evaluated the presence of imaging features according to LI-RADS v2018 definitions and provided a LI-RADS category in patients at high risk of HCC. Differences in LI-RADS features and categorisations were assessed for not otherwise specified (NOS-HCC), steatohepatitic (SH-HCC), and macrotrabecular-massive (MTM-HCC) types of HCCs.Results: Two hundred and seventy-seven patients (median age 64.0 years, 215 [77.6%] men) were analysed, which involved 295 HCCs. There were 197 (66.7%) NOS-HCCs, 62 (21.0%) SH-HCCs, 23 (7.8%) MTM-HCCs, and 13 (4.5%) other rare subtypes. The following features were more frequent in MTM-HCC: elevated alpha-foetoprotein serum levels (p <0.001), tumour-in-vein (p <0.001 on CT, p <= 0.052 on MRI), presence of at least 1 LR-M feature (p <= 0.010 on CT), infiltrative appearance (p <= 0.032 on CT), necrosis or severe ischaemia (p <= 0.038 on CT), and larger size (p <= 0.006 on CT, p <= 0.011 on MRI). SH-HCC was associated with fat in mass (p <0.001 on CT, p <= 0.002 on MRI). The distribution of the LI-RADS major features and categories in high-risk patients did not significantly differ among the 3 main HCC subtypes.Conclusions: The distribution of LI-RADS major features and categories is not different among the HCC subtypes. Nevertheless, careful analysis of tumour-in-vein, LR-M, and ancillary features as well as clinico-biological data can provide information for the non-invasive diagnosis of HCC subtypes.Lay summary: In high-risk patients, the overall distribution of LI-RADS major features and categories is not different among the histological subtypes of hepatocellular carcinoma, but tumour-in-vein, presence of LR-M features, and ancillary features can provide information for the non-invasive diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma subtypes. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL).

Cannella R., Dioguardi Burgio M., Beaufrère A., Trapani L., Paradis V., Hobeika C., et al. (2021). Imaging features of histological subtypes of hepatocellular carcinoma: Implication for LI-RADS. JHEP REPORTS, 3(6), 1-11 [10.1016/j.jhepr.2021.100380].

Imaging features of histological subtypes of hepatocellular carcinoma: Implication for LI-RADS

Cannella R.
Primo
;
Dioguardi Burgio M.
;
2021-09-30

Abstract

Background & Aims: The histopathological subtypes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are associated with distinct clinical features and prognoses. This study aims to report Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS)-defined imaging features of different HCC subtypes in a cohort of resected tumours and to assess the influence of HCC subtypes on computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) LI-RADS categorisation in the subgroup of high-risk patients.Methods: This retrospective institutional review board-approved study included patients with resected HCCs and available histopathological classification. Three radiologists independently reviewed preoperative CT and MRI exams. The readers evaluated the presence of imaging features according to LI-RADS v2018 definitions and provided a LI-RADS category in patients at high risk of HCC. Differences in LI-RADS features and categorisations were assessed for not otherwise specified (NOS-HCC), steatohepatitic (SH-HCC), and macrotrabecular-massive (MTM-HCC) types of HCCs.Results: Two hundred and seventy-seven patients (median age 64.0 years, 215 [77.6%] men) were analysed, which involved 295 HCCs. There were 197 (66.7%) NOS-HCCs, 62 (21.0%) SH-HCCs, 23 (7.8%) MTM-HCCs, and 13 (4.5%) other rare subtypes. The following features were more frequent in MTM-HCC: elevated alpha-foetoprotein serum levels (p <0.001), tumour-in-vein (p <0.001 on CT, p <= 0.052 on MRI), presence of at least 1 LR-M feature (p <= 0.010 on CT), infiltrative appearance (p <= 0.032 on CT), necrosis or severe ischaemia (p <= 0.038 on CT), and larger size (p <= 0.006 on CT, p <= 0.011 on MRI). SH-HCC was associated with fat in mass (p <0.001 on CT, p <= 0.002 on MRI). The distribution of the LI-RADS major features and categories in high-risk patients did not significantly differ among the 3 main HCC subtypes.Conclusions: The distribution of LI-RADS major features and categories is not different among the HCC subtypes. Nevertheless, careful analysis of tumour-in-vein, LR-M, and ancillary features as well as clinico-biological data can provide information for the non-invasive diagnosis of HCC subtypes.Lay summary: In high-risk patients, the overall distribution of LI-RADS major features and categories is not different among the histological subtypes of hepatocellular carcinoma, but tumour-in-vein, presence of LR-M features, and ancillary features can provide information for the non-invasive diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma subtypes. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL).
30-set-2021
Cannella R., Dioguardi Burgio M., Beaufrère A., Trapani L., Paradis V., Hobeika C., et al. (2021). Imaging features of histological subtypes of hepatocellular carcinoma: Implication for LI-RADS. JHEP REPORTS, 3(6), 1-11 [10.1016/j.jhepr.2021.100380].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/588764
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