Purpose: The stromal and immune bone marrow (BM) land-scape is emerging as a crucial determinant for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Regulatory T cells (Treg) are enriched in the AML microenvironment, but the underlying mechanisms are poor-ly elucidated. Here, we addressed the effect of IFN gamma released by AML cells in BM Treg induction and its impact on AML prognosis. Experimental Design: BM aspirates from patients with AML were subdivided according to IFNG expression. Gene expression profiles in IFN gamma(high) and IFN gamma(low) samples were compared by microarray and NanoString analysis and used to compute a prognostic index. The IFN gamma release effect on the BM microenvironment was investigated in mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)/AML cell cocultures. In mice, AML cells silenced for ifng expression were injected intrabone. Results: IFN gamma(high) AML samples showed an upregulation of inflammatory genes, usually correlated with a good prognosis in cancer. In contrast, in patients with AML, high IFNG expression was associated with poor overall survival. Notably, IFN gamma release by AML cells positively correlated with a higher BM suppressive Treg frequency. In coculture experiments, IFN gamma high AML cells modified MSC transcriptome by upregulating IFN gamma-dependent genes related to Treg induction, including indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1). IDO1 inhibitor abrogated the effect of IFN gamma release by AML cells on MSC-derived Treg induction. In vivo, the genetic ablation of IFN gamma production by AML cells reduced MSC IDO1 expression and Treg infiltration, hindering AML engraftment. Conclusions: IFN gamma release by AML cells induces an immune-regulatory program in MSCs and remodels BM immunologic landscape toward Treg induction, contributing to an immuno-tolerant microenvironment.

Corradi, G., Bassani, B., Simonetti, G., Sangaletti, S., Vadakekolathu, J., Fontana, M.C., et al. (2022). Release of IFNγ by Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells Remodels Bone Marrow Immune Microenvironment by Inducing Regulatory T Cells. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 28(14), 3141-3155 [10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-3594].

Release of IFNγ by Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells Remodels Bone Marrow Immune Microenvironment by Inducing Regulatory T Cells

Tripodo, Claudio;
2022-07-15

Abstract

Purpose: The stromal and immune bone marrow (BM) land-scape is emerging as a crucial determinant for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Regulatory T cells (Treg) are enriched in the AML microenvironment, but the underlying mechanisms are poor-ly elucidated. Here, we addressed the effect of IFN gamma released by AML cells in BM Treg induction and its impact on AML prognosis. Experimental Design: BM aspirates from patients with AML were subdivided according to IFNG expression. Gene expression profiles in IFN gamma(high) and IFN gamma(low) samples were compared by microarray and NanoString analysis and used to compute a prognostic index. The IFN gamma release effect on the BM microenvironment was investigated in mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)/AML cell cocultures. In mice, AML cells silenced for ifng expression were injected intrabone. Results: IFN gamma(high) AML samples showed an upregulation of inflammatory genes, usually correlated with a good prognosis in cancer. In contrast, in patients with AML, high IFNG expression was associated with poor overall survival. Notably, IFN gamma release by AML cells positively correlated with a higher BM suppressive Treg frequency. In coculture experiments, IFN gamma high AML cells modified MSC transcriptome by upregulating IFN gamma-dependent genes related to Treg induction, including indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1). IDO1 inhibitor abrogated the effect of IFN gamma release by AML cells on MSC-derived Treg induction. In vivo, the genetic ablation of IFN gamma production by AML cells reduced MSC IDO1 expression and Treg infiltration, hindering AML engraftment. Conclusions: IFN gamma release by AML cells induces an immune-regulatory program in MSCs and remodels BM immunologic landscape toward Treg induction, contributing to an immuno-tolerant microenvironment.
15-lug-2022
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
Corradi, G., Bassani, B., Simonetti, G., Sangaletti, S., Vadakekolathu, J., Fontana, M.C., et al. (2022). Release of IFNγ by Acute Myeloid Leukemia Cells Remodels Bone Marrow Immune Microenvironment by Inducing Regulatory T Cells. CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH, 28(14), 3141-3155 [10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-21-3594].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/584711
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