AIMS: Acetylcholine (ACh) is synthesized by Choline Acetyl-Transferase (ChAT) that exerts its physiological effects in airway epithelial cells via muscarinic receptor (MR) activation. We evaluate the effect of ACh stimulation on human bronchial epithelial cells (16-HBE) and test whether cigarette smoke extract (CSE) can modify the basal cellular response to ACh affecting the non-neuronal cholinergic system signalling. MAIN METHODS: ACh stimulated 16-HBE were tested for ACh-binding, Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) release and ERK1/2 and NFkB pathway activation. Additionally, we investigated all the aforementioned parameters as well as ChAT and MR proteins and mRNA expression and endogenous ACh production in CSE-treated 16-HBE. KEY FINDINGS: We showed that ACh induced in 16-HBE, in a concentration-dependent manner, LTB(4) release via the activation of ERK1/2 and NFkB pathways. The addition of Tiotropium (Spiriva®), Gallamine, Telenzepine and 4-DAMP (muscarinic receptor antagonists), as well as of PD 098059 (MAPKK inhibitor) and BAY117082 (inhibitor of IkBα phosphorilation), down-regulated the ACh-induced effects. Additionally, CSE treatment of 16-HBE increased the binding of ACh, and shifted the LTB4 release from the concentration ACh 1μM to 10nM. Finally, we observed that the treatment of 16-HBE with CSE increased the expression of ChAT, M(2) and M(3) and of endogenous ACh production in 16-HBE. Tiotropium regulated the LTB4 release and ACh production in CSE treated 16-HBE. SIGNIFICANCE: CSE increases the pro-inflammatory activity of human bronchial epithelial cells, and promotes the cellular response to lower concentrations of ACh, by affecting the expression of ChAT and MRs. Tiotropium might prevent pro-inflammatory events generated by ACh together with CSE.

Profita, M., Bonanno, A., Montalbano, A.M., Ferraro, M., Siena, L., Bruno, A., et al. (2011). Cigarette smoke extract activates human bronchial epithelial cells affecting non-neuronal cholinergic system signalling in vitro. LIFE SCIENCES, 89.

Cigarette smoke extract activates human bronchial epithelial cells affecting non-neuronal cholinergic system signalling in vitro.

GERBINO, Stefania;ALBANO, Giusy Daniela;
2011

Abstract

AIMS: Acetylcholine (ACh) is synthesized by Choline Acetyl-Transferase (ChAT) that exerts its physiological effects in airway epithelial cells via muscarinic receptor (MR) activation. We evaluate the effect of ACh stimulation on human bronchial epithelial cells (16-HBE) and test whether cigarette smoke extract (CSE) can modify the basal cellular response to ACh affecting the non-neuronal cholinergic system signalling. MAIN METHODS: ACh stimulated 16-HBE were tested for ACh-binding, Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) release and ERK1/2 and NFkB pathway activation. Additionally, we investigated all the aforementioned parameters as well as ChAT and MR proteins and mRNA expression and endogenous ACh production in CSE-treated 16-HBE. KEY FINDINGS: We showed that ACh induced in 16-HBE, in a concentration-dependent manner, LTB(4) release via the activation of ERK1/2 and NFkB pathways. The addition of Tiotropium (Spiriva®), Gallamine, Telenzepine and 4-DAMP (muscarinic receptor antagonists), as well as of PD 098059 (MAPKK inhibitor) and BAY117082 (inhibitor of IkBα phosphorilation), down-regulated the ACh-induced effects. Additionally, CSE treatment of 16-HBE increased the binding of ACh, and shifted the LTB4 release from the concentration ACh 1μM to 10nM. Finally, we observed that the treatment of 16-HBE with CSE increased the expression of ChAT, M(2) and M(3) and of endogenous ACh production in 16-HBE. Tiotropium regulated the LTB4 release and ACh production in CSE treated 16-HBE. SIGNIFICANCE: CSE increases the pro-inflammatory activity of human bronchial epithelial cells, and promotes the cellular response to lower concentrations of ACh, by affecting the expression of ChAT and MRs. Tiotropium might prevent pro-inflammatory events generated by ACh together with CSE.
Profita, M., Bonanno, A., Montalbano, A.M., Ferraro, M., Siena, L., Bruno, A., et al. (2011). Cigarette smoke extract activates human bronchial epithelial cells affecting non-neuronal cholinergic system signalling in vitro. LIFE SCIENCES, 89.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/58334
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