Background: Literature suggests that different risks of mortality could influence physicians in prescribing or not anticoagulants in older patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) can be considered a tool for the detection of multidimensional frailty. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate whether prescription patterns of oral anticoagulants exist, based on MPI values.Methods: Older hospitalised patients (age >= 65 years) with non-valvular AF were included across 24 European centres. MPI was calculated using validated and standardised tools derived from a comprehensive geriatric assessment. Other functional and clinical information were collected to calculate indexes specific for haemorrhagic and thromboembolic risk in AF.Results: Altogether, 2,012 participants affected by AF (mean age was 83.2 +/- 7.5, range: 65-104 years), with a higher presence of women (57.0%), were included. Overall, 440 took vitamin K antagonists VKAs (22.0%), 667 (33.4%) direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), whilst 44.6% did not take any anticoagulant treatment. Prescription of anticoagulants was associated with MPI values, with people taking anticoagulants having lower mean MPI values. Anticoagulant therapy was not used in 53.1% of the group with the highest risk of mortality, compared with 32.3% of those in the group with the lowest mortality risk. People with higher scores in MPI were less frequently treated with anticoagulant therapy, after adjusting for several potential confounders.Conclusions: The EURopean study of Older Subjects with Atrial Fibrillation (EUROSAF) suggested that almost half of the older persons with AF do not receive anticoagulants and that MPI is an important determinant in prescribing or not anticoagulants.

Pilotto, A., Veronese, N., Polidori, M.C., Strandberg, T., Topinkova, E., Cruz-Jentoft, A.J., et al. (2022). The role of prognostic stratification on prescription of anticoagulants in older patients with atrial fibrillation: a multicenter, observational, prospective European study (EUROSAF). ANNALS OF MEDICINE, 54(1), 2411-2419 [10.1080/07853890.2022.2117407].

The role of prognostic stratification on prescription of anticoagulants in older patients with atrial fibrillation: a multicenter, observational, prospective European study (EUROSAF)

Veronese, Nicola
;
2022-12-01

Abstract

Background: Literature suggests that different risks of mortality could influence physicians in prescribing or not anticoagulants in older patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) can be considered a tool for the detection of multidimensional frailty. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate whether prescription patterns of oral anticoagulants exist, based on MPI values.Methods: Older hospitalised patients (age >= 65 years) with non-valvular AF were included across 24 European centres. MPI was calculated using validated and standardised tools derived from a comprehensive geriatric assessment. Other functional and clinical information were collected to calculate indexes specific for haemorrhagic and thromboembolic risk in AF.Results: Altogether, 2,012 participants affected by AF (mean age was 83.2 +/- 7.5, range: 65-104 years), with a higher presence of women (57.0%), were included. Overall, 440 took vitamin K antagonists VKAs (22.0%), 667 (33.4%) direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), whilst 44.6% did not take any anticoagulant treatment. Prescription of anticoagulants was associated with MPI values, with people taking anticoagulants having lower mean MPI values. Anticoagulant therapy was not used in 53.1% of the group with the highest risk of mortality, compared with 32.3% of those in the group with the lowest mortality risk. People with higher scores in MPI were less frequently treated with anticoagulant therapy, after adjusting for several potential confounders.Conclusions: The EURopean study of Older Subjects with Atrial Fibrillation (EUROSAF) suggested that almost half of the older persons with AF do not receive anticoagulants and that MPI is an important determinant in prescribing or not anticoagulants.
dic-2022
Pilotto, A., Veronese, N., Polidori, M.C., Strandberg, T., Topinkova, E., Cruz-Jentoft, A.J., et al. (2022). The role of prognostic stratification on prescription of anticoagulants in older patients with atrial fibrillation: a multicenter, observational, prospective European study (EUROSAF). ANNALS OF MEDICINE, 54(1), 2411-2419 [10.1080/07853890.2022.2117407].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/582741
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