In this paper, a theoretical open channel flow resistance equation was verified using flow depth and discharge measurements carried out by Freeman et al. in a large channel, 2.44 m wide, for ten different types of uniform-sized plants (shrubs and woody vegetation). The plants, which are broadleaf deciduous vegetation commonly found in floodplains and riparian zones, were placed in staggered rows inside the channel whose bed was constructed to accept plants with their root systems. For each species, the available measurements were carried out by Freeman et al. with plants having different values of plant density, height, and bending stiffness. The available literature database (87 measurements) was divided into two groups which were separately used to calibrate and test the theoretical approach. In particular, 46 measurements were used to calibrate the relationship between the scale factor Γ of the velocity profile, the Froude number, and the channel slope. This relationship was calibrated using the entire available dataset or varying the scaling coefficient a with the investigated vegetation type. The measured values of the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor, obtained by the measured flow velocity, water depth and slope values, were compared with those calculated by the theoretical flow resistance law, coupled with the relationship for estimating the Γ function having a scaling coefficient different for each investigated vegetation type. This comparison allowed to demonstrate that an accurate estimate of the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor (errors less than or equal to ±10% for 87% of the investigated cases) can be obtained. However, for the investigated vegetation species, that are characterized by a large range of bending stiffness, also a mean value of the scaling coefficient a equal to 0.3283 allows an accurate estimate of the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor.

Nicosia A., Ferro V. (2023). Flow resistance due to shrubs and woody vegetation. FLOW MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION, 89 [10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2023.102308].

Flow resistance due to shrubs and woody vegetation

Nicosia A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ferro V.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2023-03-01

Abstract

In this paper, a theoretical open channel flow resistance equation was verified using flow depth and discharge measurements carried out by Freeman et al. in a large channel, 2.44 m wide, for ten different types of uniform-sized plants (shrubs and woody vegetation). The plants, which are broadleaf deciduous vegetation commonly found in floodplains and riparian zones, were placed in staggered rows inside the channel whose bed was constructed to accept plants with their root systems. For each species, the available measurements were carried out by Freeman et al. with plants having different values of plant density, height, and bending stiffness. The available literature database (87 measurements) was divided into two groups which were separately used to calibrate and test the theoretical approach. In particular, 46 measurements were used to calibrate the relationship between the scale factor Γ of the velocity profile, the Froude number, and the channel slope. This relationship was calibrated using the entire available dataset or varying the scaling coefficient a with the investigated vegetation type. The measured values of the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor, obtained by the measured flow velocity, water depth and slope values, were compared with those calculated by the theoretical flow resistance law, coupled with the relationship for estimating the Γ function having a scaling coefficient different for each investigated vegetation type. This comparison allowed to demonstrate that an accurate estimate of the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor (errors less than or equal to ±10% for 87% of the investigated cases) can be obtained. However, for the investigated vegetation species, that are characterized by a large range of bending stiffness, also a mean value of the scaling coefficient a equal to 0.3283 allows an accurate estimate of the Darcy-Weisbach friction factor.
mar-2023
Settore AGR/08 - Idraulica Agraria E Sistemazioni Idraulico-Forestali
Nicosia A., Ferro V. (2023). Flow resistance due to shrubs and woody vegetation. FLOW MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION, 89 [10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2023.102308].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/580188
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