Background: Despite the increasing implementation of targeted and immunotherapy-based treatments, the prognosis of patients with advanced NSCLC remains dismal. We prospectively evaluated longitudinal plasma cfDNA kinetics as an early marker of therapeutic efficacy in patients with advanced NSCLC undergoing standard first-line treatments. Methods: From February 2020 to May 2022, treatment-naive patients with advanced NSCLC were consecutively enrolled at the Medical Oncology Unit of the Paolo Giaccone University Hospital, Palermo (Italy). We quantified cfDNA in terms of ng/mu L using a Qubit (TM) dsDNA HS Assay Kit. The agreement between the cfDNA and radiologic response was evaluated from baseline (T0) to the radiologic evaluation (T1). Results: A total of 315 liquid biopsy samples were collected from 63 patients at baseline, with a total of 235 paired plasma samples from 47 patients at disease re-evaluation. A fair concordance was observed between early and durable radiographic and cfDNA response (Cohen's kappa coefficient = 0.001); 11 and 18 patients receiving TKI (Pearson's chi-squared test = 4.278; Cohen's kappa coefficient = 0.039) and IO treatments (Pearson's chi-squared test = 7.481; Cohen's kappa coefficient = 0.006) showed a significant and durable association between cfDNA dynamics and the first radiologic evaluation, whereas among the 18 patients undergoing CT, no significant correlation was observed (Pearson's chi-squared test = 0.720; Cohen's kappa coefficient = 0.396). The ECOG-PS 2 patients presented with the mean baseline cfDNA levels 2.6-fold higher than those with ECOG-PS 0-1 (1.71 vs. 0.65 ng/mu L; p = 0.105). Conclusions: Our real-world study demonstrates that quantitative changes in cfDNA values correlated with responses to therapy and relapse of disease in treatment-naive patients with advanced NSCLC undergoing TKI- and IO-based treatments.

Gristina, V., Barraco, N., La Mantia, M., Castellana, L., Insalaco, L., Bono, M., et al. (2022). Clinical Potential of Circulating Cell-Free DNA (cfDNA) for Longitudinally Monitoring Clinical Outcomes in the First-Line Setting of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A Real-World Prospective Study. CANCERS, 14(23) [10.3390/cancers14236013].

Clinical Potential of Circulating Cell-Free DNA (cfDNA) for Longitudinally Monitoring Clinical Outcomes in the First-Line Setting of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A Real-World Prospective Study

Gristina, Valerio;Barraco, Nadia;La Mantia, Maria;Castellana, Luisa;Insalaco, Lavinia;Bono, Marco;Perez, Alessandro;Sardo, Delia;Inguglia, Sara;Iacono, Federica;Cutaia, Sofia;Incorvaia, Lorena;Badalamenti, Giuseppe;Russo, Antonio
;
Galvano, Antonio;Bazan, Viviana
2022-12-06

Abstract

Background: Despite the increasing implementation of targeted and immunotherapy-based treatments, the prognosis of patients with advanced NSCLC remains dismal. We prospectively evaluated longitudinal plasma cfDNA kinetics as an early marker of therapeutic efficacy in patients with advanced NSCLC undergoing standard first-line treatments. Methods: From February 2020 to May 2022, treatment-naive patients with advanced NSCLC were consecutively enrolled at the Medical Oncology Unit of the Paolo Giaccone University Hospital, Palermo (Italy). We quantified cfDNA in terms of ng/mu L using a Qubit (TM) dsDNA HS Assay Kit. The agreement between the cfDNA and radiologic response was evaluated from baseline (T0) to the radiologic evaluation (T1). Results: A total of 315 liquid biopsy samples were collected from 63 patients at baseline, with a total of 235 paired plasma samples from 47 patients at disease re-evaluation. A fair concordance was observed between early and durable radiographic and cfDNA response (Cohen's kappa coefficient = 0.001); 11 and 18 patients receiving TKI (Pearson's chi-squared test = 4.278; Cohen's kappa coefficient = 0.039) and IO treatments (Pearson's chi-squared test = 7.481; Cohen's kappa coefficient = 0.006) showed a significant and durable association between cfDNA dynamics and the first radiologic evaluation, whereas among the 18 patients undergoing CT, no significant correlation was observed (Pearson's chi-squared test = 0.720; Cohen's kappa coefficient = 0.396). The ECOG-PS 2 patients presented with the mean baseline cfDNA levels 2.6-fold higher than those with ECOG-PS 0-1 (1.71 vs. 0.65 ng/mu L; p = 0.105). Conclusions: Our real-world study demonstrates that quantitative changes in cfDNA values correlated with responses to therapy and relapse of disease in treatment-naive patients with advanced NSCLC undergoing TKI- and IO-based treatments.
Gristina, V., Barraco, N., La Mantia, M., Castellana, L., Insalaco, L., Bono, M., et al. (2022). Clinical Potential of Circulating Cell-Free DNA (cfDNA) for Longitudinally Monitoring Clinical Outcomes in the First-Line Setting of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A Real-World Prospective Study. CANCERS, 14(23) [10.3390/cancers14236013].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/578029
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