Endometrial cancer is the most common carcinoma of the female genital organs and cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. The aim of this review is to evaluate the role of laparoscopic hysterectomy in patients with endometrial and cervical cancer in this period, and analyze the outcome of hysterectomy in terms of survival. Moreover, we present the historical background, new techniques, the anatomical features, and surgical steps of radical hysterectomy. According to new evidence, minimally invasive surgery in patients with cervical cancer is associated with higher rates of recurrence and mortality compared to the open approach. Despite the numerous explanations offered for this phenomenon, the reasons for these results are unclear. Additional large trials have been launched to reevaluate the above-mentioned data. On contrary, the laparoscopic approach provides surgical outcomes and similar survival rates as open surgery in patients with early endometrial carcinoma. Furthermore, the radicality of hysterectomy does not influence local recurrence rates or overall survival in cases with complete surgical removal of the tumor. A laparoscopic radical hysterectomy is no longer an option in patients with cervical cancer. When minimally invasive surgery is offered, the patients must be counseled in detail about the current debate.

Gitas, G., Pados, G., Laganà, A.S., Guenther, V., Ackermann, J., Alkatout, I. (2022). Role of laparoscopic hysterectomy in cervical and endometrial cancer: a narrative review. MINIMALLY INVASIVE THERAPY & ALLIED TECHNOLOGIES, 1-11 [10.1080/13645706.2022.2154166].

Role of laparoscopic hysterectomy in cervical and endometrial cancer: a narrative review

Laganà, Antonio Simone;
2022-12-13

Abstract

Endometrial cancer is the most common carcinoma of the female genital organs and cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. The aim of this review is to evaluate the role of laparoscopic hysterectomy in patients with endometrial and cervical cancer in this period, and analyze the outcome of hysterectomy in terms of survival. Moreover, we present the historical background, new techniques, the anatomical features, and surgical steps of radical hysterectomy. According to new evidence, minimally invasive surgery in patients with cervical cancer is associated with higher rates of recurrence and mortality compared to the open approach. Despite the numerous explanations offered for this phenomenon, the reasons for these results are unclear. Additional large trials have been launched to reevaluate the above-mentioned data. On contrary, the laparoscopic approach provides surgical outcomes and similar survival rates as open surgery in patients with early endometrial carcinoma. Furthermore, the radicality of hysterectomy does not influence local recurrence rates or overall survival in cases with complete surgical removal of the tumor. A laparoscopic radical hysterectomy is no longer an option in patients with cervical cancer. When minimally invasive surgery is offered, the patients must be counseled in detail about the current debate.
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia E Ostetricia
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13645706.2022.2154166?journalCode=imit20
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36512487/
Gitas, G., Pados, G., Laganà, A.S., Guenther, V., Ackermann, J., Alkatout, I. (2022). Role of laparoscopic hysterectomy in cervical and endometrial cancer: a narrative review. MINIMALLY INVASIVE THERAPY & ALLIED TECHNOLOGIES, 1-11 [10.1080/13645706.2022.2154166].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/576909
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