BACKGROUND: In liver transplantation (LT), modern immunosuppressive protocol is focused on early corticosteroid (CS) weaning. The aim of the study was to investigate all early transplant-related complications using Clavien grading system, in order to identify a significant relation in two homogenous groups of consecutive liver transplanted patients, only different for steroid avoidance in immunosuppressive regimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One group was treated with a tacrolimus-based CS-free immunosuppressive protocol, the other one underwent tacrolimus plus low dose CS therapy. The preoperative continuous variables analyzed were age, gender, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, and the pre-allocation score for predicting survival following liver transplantation (P-SOFT). RESULTS: There were 39 patients in Group A (CS free) (37.9%), and 64 patients in Group B (CS on board) (62.1%). No statistically significant differences between the two groups were detected regarding the incidence and Clavien grade of complications (P = 0.116). No significant relation was revealed between Clavien rate of complications and tacrolimus-based CS-free immunosuppressive protocol, comparing the two subgroup of patient with P-SOFT score < 6 and ≥ 6 (P = 0.193). This association was noted comparing the two subgroups on tacrolimus plus low dose CS regimen (P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: In this series, the use of CS in sick patient is associated with higher morbidity identified by the Clavien classification.

Gruttadauria S, Di Francesco F, Pagano D, Vizzini G, Cintorino D, Spada M, et al. (2011). Complications in immunosuppressive therapy of liver transplant recipients. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH, 168, E137-E142 [10.1016/j.jss.2010.09.035].

Complications in immunosuppressive therapy of liver transplant recipients

TUZZOLINO, Fabio;
2011-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In liver transplantation (LT), modern immunosuppressive protocol is focused on early corticosteroid (CS) weaning. The aim of the study was to investigate all early transplant-related complications using Clavien grading system, in order to identify a significant relation in two homogenous groups of consecutive liver transplanted patients, only different for steroid avoidance in immunosuppressive regimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One group was treated with a tacrolimus-based CS-free immunosuppressive protocol, the other one underwent tacrolimus plus low dose CS therapy. The preoperative continuous variables analyzed were age, gender, model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, and the pre-allocation score for predicting survival following liver transplantation (P-SOFT). RESULTS: There were 39 patients in Group A (CS free) (37.9%), and 64 patients in Group B (CS on board) (62.1%). No statistically significant differences between the two groups were detected regarding the incidence and Clavien grade of complications (P = 0.116). No significant relation was revealed between Clavien rate of complications and tacrolimus-based CS-free immunosuppressive protocol, comparing the two subgroup of patient with P-SOFT score < 6 and ≥ 6 (P = 0.193). This association was noted comparing the two subgroups on tacrolimus plus low dose CS regimen (P = 0.013). CONCLUSION: In this series, the use of CS in sick patient is associated with higher morbidity identified by the Clavien classification.
2011
Settore MED/50 - Scienze Tecniche Mediche Applicate
Gruttadauria S, Di Francesco F, Pagano D, Vizzini G, Cintorino D, Spada M, et al. (2011). Complications in immunosuppressive therapy of liver transplant recipients. JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH, 168, E137-E142 [10.1016/j.jss.2010.09.035].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/57681
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