While the standard network description of complex systems is based on quantifying the link between pairs of system units, higher-order interactions (HOIs) involving three or more units often play a major role in governing the collective network behavior. This work introduces a new approach to quantify pairwise and HOIs for multivariate rhythmic processes interacting across multiple time scales. We define the so-called O-information rate (OIR) as a new metric to assess HOIs for multivariate time series, and present a framework to decompose the OIR into measures quantifying Granger-causal and instantaneous influences, as well as to expand all measures in the frequency domain. The framework exploits the spectral representation of vector autoregressive and state space models to assess the synergistic and redundant interaction among groups of processes, both in specific bands of interest and in the time domain after whole-band integration. Validation of the framework on simulated networks illustrates how the spectral OIR can highlight redundant and synergistic HOIs emerging at specific frequencies, which cannot be detected using time-domain measures. The applications to physiological networks described by heart period, arterial pressure and respiration variability measured in healthy subjects during a protocol of paced breathing, and to brain networks described by electrocorticographic signals acquired in an animal experiment during anesthesia, document the capability of our approach to identify informational circuits relevant to well-defined cardiovascular oscillations and brain rhythms and related to specific physiological mechanisms involving autonomic control and altered consciousness. The proposed framework allows a hierarchically-organized evaluation of timeand frequency-domain interactions in dynamic networks mapped by multivariate time series, and its high flexibility and scalability make it suitable for the investigation of networks beyond pairwise interactions in neuroscience, physiology and many other fields.

Faes, L., Mijatovic, G., Antonacci, Y., Pernice, R., Bara, C., Sparacino, L., et al. (2022). A New Framework for the Time- and Frequency-Domain Assessment of High-Order Interactions in Networks of Random Processes. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, 5766-5777 [10.1109/TSP.2022.3221892].

A New Framework for the Time- and Frequency-Domain Assessment of High-Order Interactions in Networks of Random Processes

Faes, Luca;Antonacci, Yuri;Pernice, Riccardo;Bara, Chiara;Sparacino, Laura;Sammartino, Marco;
2022-12-01

Abstract

While the standard network description of complex systems is based on quantifying the link between pairs of system units, higher-order interactions (HOIs) involving three or more units often play a major role in governing the collective network behavior. This work introduces a new approach to quantify pairwise and HOIs for multivariate rhythmic processes interacting across multiple time scales. We define the so-called O-information rate (OIR) as a new metric to assess HOIs for multivariate time series, and present a framework to decompose the OIR into measures quantifying Granger-causal and instantaneous influences, as well as to expand all measures in the frequency domain. The framework exploits the spectral representation of vector autoregressive and state space models to assess the synergistic and redundant interaction among groups of processes, both in specific bands of interest and in the time domain after whole-band integration. Validation of the framework on simulated networks illustrates how the spectral OIR can highlight redundant and synergistic HOIs emerging at specific frequencies, which cannot be detected using time-domain measures. The applications to physiological networks described by heart period, arterial pressure and respiration variability measured in healthy subjects during a protocol of paced breathing, and to brain networks described by electrocorticographic signals acquired in an animal experiment during anesthesia, document the capability of our approach to identify informational circuits relevant to well-defined cardiovascular oscillations and brain rhythms and related to specific physiological mechanisms involving autonomic control and altered consciousness. The proposed framework allows a hierarchically-organized evaluation of timeand frequency-domain interactions in dynamic networks mapped by multivariate time series, and its high flexibility and scalability make it suitable for the investigation of networks beyond pairwise interactions in neuroscience, physiology and many other fields.
Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica E Informatica
Faes, L., Mijatovic, G., Antonacci, Y., Pernice, R., Bara, C., Sparacino, L., et al. (2022). A New Framework for the Time- and Frequency-Domain Assessment of High-Order Interactions in Networks of Random Processes. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, 5766-5777 [10.1109/TSP.2022.3221892].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/575209
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