Background In persons living with HIV (PLWH), the burden of non-communicable chronic diseases increased over time, because of aging associated with chronic inflammation, systemic immune activation, and long-term exposure to the combination antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods To explore the association of chronological age, age at first ART, and exposure to ART with non-communicable chronic diseases, we performed a cross-sectional analysis to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities in patients enrolled in the SCOLTA Project, stratified by groups of chronological age (50-59 and 60-69 years) and by years of antiretroviral treatment (ART, <= 3 or > 3 years). Results In 1394 subjects (23.8% women), mean age at enrollment was 57.4 (SD 6.5) years, and at first ART 45.3 (SD 10.7). Men were older than women both at enrollment (57.6 vs 56.8, p = 0.06) and at first ART (45.8 vs 43.6, p = 0.0009). ART duration was longer in women (13.1 vs 11.7 years, p = 0.01). The age- and sex-adjusted rate ratios (aRRs, and 95% confidence interval, CI) showed that longer ART exposure was associated with dyslipidemia (aRR 1.35, 95% CI 1.20-1.52), hypertension (aRR 1.52, 95% CI 1.22-1.89), liver disease (aRR 1.78, 95% CI 1.32-2.41), osteopenia/osteoporosis (aRR 2.88, 95% CI 1.65-5.03) and multimorbidity (aRR 1.36, 95% CI 1.21-1.54). These findings were confirmed in strata of age, adjusting for sex. Conclusions Our data suggest that longer ART exposure was associated with increased risk of dyslipidemia, hypertension, and osteopenia/osteoporosis, hence the presence of multimorbidity, possibly due to the exposition to more toxic antiretrovirals. We observed different comorbidities, according to ART exposure and age.

Maggi, P., De Socio, G.V., Menzaghi, B., Molteni, C., Squillace, N., Taramasso, L., et al. (2022). Growing old with antiretroviral therapy or elderly people in antiretroviral therapy: two different profiles of comorbidity?. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 22(1), 745 [10.1186/s12879-022-07739-y].

Growing old with antiretroviral therapy or elderly people in antiretroviral therapy: two different profiles of comorbidity?

Cascio, Antonio;
2022-09-23

Abstract

Background In persons living with HIV (PLWH), the burden of non-communicable chronic diseases increased over time, because of aging associated with chronic inflammation, systemic immune activation, and long-term exposure to the combination antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods To explore the association of chronological age, age at first ART, and exposure to ART with non-communicable chronic diseases, we performed a cross-sectional analysis to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities in patients enrolled in the SCOLTA Project, stratified by groups of chronological age (50-59 and 60-69 years) and by years of antiretroviral treatment (ART, <= 3 or > 3 years). Results In 1394 subjects (23.8% women), mean age at enrollment was 57.4 (SD 6.5) years, and at first ART 45.3 (SD 10.7). Men were older than women both at enrollment (57.6 vs 56.8, p = 0.06) and at first ART (45.8 vs 43.6, p = 0.0009). ART duration was longer in women (13.1 vs 11.7 years, p = 0.01). The age- and sex-adjusted rate ratios (aRRs, and 95% confidence interval, CI) showed that longer ART exposure was associated with dyslipidemia (aRR 1.35, 95% CI 1.20-1.52), hypertension (aRR 1.52, 95% CI 1.22-1.89), liver disease (aRR 1.78, 95% CI 1.32-2.41), osteopenia/osteoporosis (aRR 2.88, 95% CI 1.65-5.03) and multimorbidity (aRR 1.36, 95% CI 1.21-1.54). These findings were confirmed in strata of age, adjusting for sex. Conclusions Our data suggest that longer ART exposure was associated with increased risk of dyslipidemia, hypertension, and osteopenia/osteoporosis, hence the presence of multimorbidity, possibly due to the exposition to more toxic antiretrovirals. We observed different comorbidities, according to ART exposure and age.
Maggi, P., De Socio, G.V., Menzaghi, B., Molteni, C., Squillace, N., Taramasso, L., et al. (2022). Growing old with antiretroviral therapy or elderly people in antiretroviral therapy: two different profiles of comorbidity?. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES, 22(1), 745 [10.1186/s12879-022-07739-y].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/574586
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