Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Blood Pressure Variability (BPV) are widely employed tools for characterizing the complex behavior of cardiovascular dynamics. Usually, HRV and BPV analyses are carried out through short-term (ST) measurements, which exploit ~five-minute-long recordings. Recent research efforts are focused on reducing the time series length, assessing whether and to what extent Ultra-Short-Term (UST) analysis is capable of extracting information about cardiovascular variability from very short recordings. In this work, we compare ST and UST measures computed on electrocardiographic R-R intervals and systolic arterial pressure time series obtained at rest and during both postural and mental stress. Standard time–domain indices are computed, together with entropy-based measures able to assess the regularity and complexity of cardiovascular dynamics, on time series lasting down to 60 samples, employing either a faster linear parametric estimator or a more reliable but time-consuming model-free method based on nearest neighbor estimates. Our results are evidence that shorter time series down to 120 samples still exhibit an acceptable agreement with the ST reference and can also be exploited to discriminate between stress and rest. Moreover, despite neglecting nonlinearities inherent to short-term cardiovascular dynamics, the faster linear estimator is still capable of detecting differences among the conditions, thus resulting in its suitability to be implemented on wearable devices.

Volpes, G., Barà, C., Busacca, A., Stivala, S., Javorka, M., Faes, L., et al. (2022). Feasibility of Ultra-Short-Term Analysis of Heart Rate and Systolic Arterial Pressure Variability at Rest and during Stress via Time-Domain and Entropy-Based Measures. SENSORS, 22(23), 1-20 [10.3390/s22239149].

Feasibility of Ultra-Short-Term Analysis of Heart Rate and Systolic Arterial Pressure Variability at Rest and during Stress via Time-Domain and Entropy-Based Measures

Volpes, Gabriele;Busacca, Alessandro;Stivala, Salvatore;Faes, Luca;Pernice, Riccardo
2022-11-25

Abstract

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Blood Pressure Variability (BPV) are widely employed tools for characterizing the complex behavior of cardiovascular dynamics. Usually, HRV and BPV analyses are carried out through short-term (ST) measurements, which exploit ~five-minute-long recordings. Recent research efforts are focused on reducing the time series length, assessing whether and to what extent Ultra-Short-Term (UST) analysis is capable of extracting information about cardiovascular variability from very short recordings. In this work, we compare ST and UST measures computed on electrocardiographic R-R intervals and systolic arterial pressure time series obtained at rest and during both postural and mental stress. Standard time–domain indices are computed, together with entropy-based measures able to assess the regularity and complexity of cardiovascular dynamics, on time series lasting down to 60 samples, employing either a faster linear parametric estimator or a more reliable but time-consuming model-free method based on nearest neighbor estimates. Our results are evidence that shorter time series down to 120 samples still exhibit an acceptable agreement with the ST reference and can also be exploited to discriminate between stress and rest. Moreover, despite neglecting nonlinearities inherent to short-term cardiovascular dynamics, the faster linear estimator is still capable of detecting differences among the conditions, thus resulting in its suitability to be implemented on wearable devices.
Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica E Informatica
Settore ING-INF/01 - Elettronica
https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/22/23/9149
Volpes, G., Barà, C., Busacca, A., Stivala, S., Javorka, M., Faes, L., et al. (2022). Feasibility of Ultra-Short-Term Analysis of Heart Rate and Systolic Arterial Pressure Variability at Rest and during Stress via Time-Domain and Entropy-Based Measures. SENSORS, 22(23), 1-20 [10.3390/s22239149].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/574487
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