Burn wound healing is a very intricate and complex process that conventionally includes three interrelated and overlapping stages of hemostasis/inflammation, proliferation and remodeling. This review aims to explore the molecular interactions of NGF with the most prominent cell types in the skin and their respective secretory products during wound healing, particularly burn wound healing. Different types of cells such as, nerve cells, endothelial cells, mast cells, macrophages, neutrophils, keratinocytes and fibroblasts all come into play through a plethora of cytokines and growth factors including nerve growth factor (NGF). NGF is a pleiotropic molecule that exerts its effects on all the aforementioned cells using two types of receptors (TrkA and p75) and affects wound healing by decreasing healing time and improving the quality of the scar. Both receptors mediate cellular proliferation, survival and apoptosis through complex signaling molecules. During the inflammatory phase, macrophages and mast cells secrete ample cytokines and growth factors, including NGF, which participate in the inflammatory reaction and induction of other cells targeting a homeostatic state. The proliferative phase follows, and NGF promotes angiogenesis through VEGF and FGF expression in endothelial cells. NGF also stimulates keratinocyte proliferation and neurite extension through the TrkA-PI3K/Akt pathway. Other molecules such as TGF-β1, IL-1β and TNF-α increase NGF expression in fibroblasts through dynamic interactions with Smads and MAPK molecules. Stimulated fibroblasts induce new collagen production to form the granulation tissue. In the remodeling phase, NGF regulates fibroblasts and induces their differentiation into myofibroblasts ultimately leading to wound contracture. In addition, NGF stimulates melanocytes and enhances hair growth and pigmentation. Such data depict the mechanisms of action of NGF implicated in the various stages of the healing process and support its applicability as a new targeted therapeutic molecule effective in burn wound healing but with some limitations.

G. El Baassiri M., Dosh L., Haidar H., Gerges A., Baassiri S., Leone A., et al. (2022). Nerve growth factor and burn wound healing: Update of molecular interactions with skin cells [10.1016/j.burns.2022.11.001].

Nerve growth factor and burn wound healing: Update of molecular interactions with skin cells

Dosh L.;Leone A.;Rappa F.;
2022-11-01

Abstract

Burn wound healing is a very intricate and complex process that conventionally includes three interrelated and overlapping stages of hemostasis/inflammation, proliferation and remodeling. This review aims to explore the molecular interactions of NGF with the most prominent cell types in the skin and their respective secretory products during wound healing, particularly burn wound healing. Different types of cells such as, nerve cells, endothelial cells, mast cells, macrophages, neutrophils, keratinocytes and fibroblasts all come into play through a plethora of cytokines and growth factors including nerve growth factor (NGF). NGF is a pleiotropic molecule that exerts its effects on all the aforementioned cells using two types of receptors (TrkA and p75) and affects wound healing by decreasing healing time and improving the quality of the scar. Both receptors mediate cellular proliferation, survival and apoptosis through complex signaling molecules. During the inflammatory phase, macrophages and mast cells secrete ample cytokines and growth factors, including NGF, which participate in the inflammatory reaction and induction of other cells targeting a homeostatic state. The proliferative phase follows, and NGF promotes angiogenesis through VEGF and FGF expression in endothelial cells. NGF also stimulates keratinocyte proliferation and neurite extension through the TrkA-PI3K/Akt pathway. Other molecules such as TGF-β1, IL-1β and TNF-α increase NGF expression in fibroblasts through dynamic interactions with Smads and MAPK molecules. Stimulated fibroblasts induce new collagen production to form the granulation tissue. In the remodeling phase, NGF regulates fibroblasts and induces their differentiation into myofibroblasts ultimately leading to wound contracture. In addition, NGF stimulates melanocytes and enhances hair growth and pigmentation. Such data depict the mechanisms of action of NGF implicated in the various stages of the healing process and support its applicability as a new targeted therapeutic molecule effective in burn wound healing but with some limitations.
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
G. El Baassiri M., Dosh L., Haidar H., Gerges A., Baassiri S., Leone A., et al. (2022). Nerve growth factor and burn wound healing: Update of molecular interactions with skin cells [10.1016/j.burns.2022.11.001].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/574425
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