Cyclic and polyphosphazenes are extremely interesting and versatile substrates characterized by the presence of -P=N- repeating units. The chlorine atoms on the P atoms in the starting materials can be easily substituted with a variety of organic substituents, thus giving rise to a huge number of new materials for industrial applications. Their properties can be designed considering the number of repetitive units and the nature of the substituent groups, opening up to a number of peculiar properties, including the ability to give rise to supramolecular arrangements. We focused our attention on the extensive scientific literature concerning their biomedical applications: as antimicrobial agents in drug delivery, as immunoadjuvants in tissue engineering, in innovative anticancer therapies, and treatments for cardiovascular diseases. The promising perspectives for their biomedical use rise from the opportunity to combine the benefits of the inorganic backbone and the wide variety of organic side groups that can lead to the formation of nanoparticles, polymersomes, or scaffolds for cell proliferation. In this review, some aspects of the preparation of phosphazene-based systems and their characterization, together with some of the most relevant chemical strategies to obtain biomaterials, have been described.

Casella, G., Carlotto, S., Lanero, F., Mozzon, M., Sgarbossa, P., Bertani, R. (2022). Cyclo- and Polyphosphazenes for Biomedical Applications. MOLECULES, 27(23), 8117 [10.3390/molecules27238117].

Cyclo- and Polyphosphazenes for Biomedical Applications

Casella, Girolamo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2022-11-22

Abstract

Cyclic and polyphosphazenes are extremely interesting and versatile substrates characterized by the presence of -P=N- repeating units. The chlorine atoms on the P atoms in the starting materials can be easily substituted with a variety of organic substituents, thus giving rise to a huge number of new materials for industrial applications. Their properties can be designed considering the number of repetitive units and the nature of the substituent groups, opening up to a number of peculiar properties, including the ability to give rise to supramolecular arrangements. We focused our attention on the extensive scientific literature concerning their biomedical applications: as antimicrobial agents in drug delivery, as immunoadjuvants in tissue engineering, in innovative anticancer therapies, and treatments for cardiovascular diseases. The promising perspectives for their biomedical use rise from the opportunity to combine the benefits of the inorganic backbone and the wide variety of organic side groups that can lead to the formation of nanoparticles, polymersomes, or scaffolds for cell proliferation. In this review, some aspects of the preparation of phosphazene-based systems and their characterization, together with some of the most relevant chemical strategies to obtain biomaterials, have been described.
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale E Inorganica
Casella, G., Carlotto, S., Lanero, F., Mozzon, M., Sgarbossa, P., Bertani, R. (2022). Cyclo- and Polyphosphazenes for Biomedical Applications. MOLECULES, 27(23), 8117 [10.3390/molecules27238117].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/574267
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