The BepiColombomission to Mercury is an ESA/JAXAcornerstone mission, consisting of two spacecraft in orbit around Mercury addressing several scientific issues. One spacecraft is the Mercury Planetary Orbiter, with full instrumentation to perform radio science experiments. Very precise radio tracking from Earth, on-board accelerometer and optical measurements will provide large data sets. From these it will be possible to study the global gravity field of Mercury and its tidal variations, its rotation state and the orbit of its centre of mass. With the gravity field and rotation state, it is possible to constrain the internal structure of the planet. With the orbit of Mercury, it is possible to constrain relativistic theories of gravitation. In order to assess that all the scientific goals are achievable with the required level of accuracy, full cycle numerical simulations of the radio science experiment have been performed. Simulated tracking, accelerometer and optical camera data have been generated, and a long list of variables including the spacecraft initial conditions, the accelerometer calibrations and the gravity field coefficients have been determined by a least-squares fit. The simulation results are encouraging: The experiments are feasible at the required level of accuracy provided that some critical terms in the accelerometer error are moderated. We will show that BepiColombo will be able to provide at least an order of magnitude improvement in the knowledge of Love number k2, libration amplitudes and obliquity, along with a gravity field determination up to degree 25 with a signal-to-noise ratio of 10.

Cicalo S., Schettino G., Di Ruzza S., Alessi E.M., Tommei G., Milani A. (2016). The BepiColombo MORE gravimetry and rotation experiments with the ORBIT14 software. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 457(2), 1507-1521 [10.1093/mnras/stw052].

The BepiColombo MORE gravimetry and rotation experiments with the ORBIT14 software

Di Ruzza S.;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The BepiColombomission to Mercury is an ESA/JAXAcornerstone mission, consisting of two spacecraft in orbit around Mercury addressing several scientific issues. One spacecraft is the Mercury Planetary Orbiter, with full instrumentation to perform radio science experiments. Very precise radio tracking from Earth, on-board accelerometer and optical measurements will provide large data sets. From these it will be possible to study the global gravity field of Mercury and its tidal variations, its rotation state and the orbit of its centre of mass. With the gravity field and rotation state, it is possible to constrain the internal structure of the planet. With the orbit of Mercury, it is possible to constrain relativistic theories of gravitation. In order to assess that all the scientific goals are achievable with the required level of accuracy, full cycle numerical simulations of the radio science experiment have been performed. Simulated tracking, accelerometer and optical camera data have been generated, and a long list of variables including the spacecraft initial conditions, the accelerometer calibrations and the gravity field coefficients have been determined by a least-squares fit. The simulation results are encouraging: The experiments are feasible at the required level of accuracy provided that some critical terms in the accelerometer error are moderated. We will show that BepiColombo will be able to provide at least an order of magnitude improvement in the knowledge of Love number k2, libration amplitudes and obliquity, along with a gravity field determination up to degree 25 with a signal-to-noise ratio of 10.
Settore MAT/07 - Fisica Matematica
https://academic.oup.com/mnras/article/457/2/1507/968971
Cicalo S., Schettino G., Di Ruzza S., Alessi E.M., Tommei G., Milani A. (2016). The BepiColombo MORE gravimetry and rotation experiments with the ORBIT14 software. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 457(2), 1507-1521 [10.1093/mnras/stw052].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/574193
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