The Beerkan infiltration experiment is carried out by inserting the ring a short depth into the soil and establishing a positive head of water on the infiltration surface for at least a part of the run. Nevertheless, the data are analyzed by assuming a fully unconfined infiltration process (ring insertion depth, d = 0 cm) and a null ponded depth of water (H = 0 cm). The influence of ring insertion and ponded water on an infiltration process of 2 h sampled every minute was tested in this numerical investigation. Five soils varying from sand to silt loam, three ring radii (5–15 cm), and the Beerkan-specific range of values for both d and H (between 0 and 1 cm) were considered. The differences between the theoretical (d = H = 0 cm) and the practical (d = H = 1 cm) setups varied from −10.4 to +8.6% for the mean infiltration rate and from −10.2 to +8.3% for the final cumulative infiltration. These differences were small, and they decreased in absolute value by considering a soil-dependent ring radius. In particular, nearly negligible differences were detected using a small ring in coarse-textured soils and a large ring in fine-textured soils. In the coarser soils, inserting the ring and establishing a ponded depth of water did not alter the estimated coefficients of the two-parameter infiltration model appreciably with the cumulative linearization method, because these coefficients differed between the theoretical and practical setups by no more than 9.2%. In fine soils, linearization could not be possible regardless of the considered setup, or it was the use of d = H = 1 cm instead of d = H = 0 cm that impeded a convincing linearization of the data. In conclusion, the good correspondence, in many circumstances, between the theoretical and the practical Beerkan infiltration experiment reinforced the interest in this simple experiment as a practical means to collect infiltration data in the field.

Bagarello V., Dohnal M., Iovino M., Lai J. (2022). Correspondence between theory and practice of a Beerkan infiltration experiment. VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL, 21(5) [10.1002/vzj2.20220].

Correspondence between theory and practice of a Beerkan infiltration experiment

Bagarello V.;Dohnal M.;Iovino M.;Lai J.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The Beerkan infiltration experiment is carried out by inserting the ring a short depth into the soil and establishing a positive head of water on the infiltration surface for at least a part of the run. Nevertheless, the data are analyzed by assuming a fully unconfined infiltration process (ring insertion depth, d = 0 cm) and a null ponded depth of water (H = 0 cm). The influence of ring insertion and ponded water on an infiltration process of 2 h sampled every minute was tested in this numerical investigation. Five soils varying from sand to silt loam, three ring radii (5–15 cm), and the Beerkan-specific range of values for both d and H (between 0 and 1 cm) were considered. The differences between the theoretical (d = H = 0 cm) and the practical (d = H = 1 cm) setups varied from −10.4 to +8.6% for the mean infiltration rate and from −10.2 to +8.3% for the final cumulative infiltration. These differences were small, and they decreased in absolute value by considering a soil-dependent ring radius. In particular, nearly negligible differences were detected using a small ring in coarse-textured soils and a large ring in fine-textured soils. In the coarser soils, inserting the ring and establishing a ponded depth of water did not alter the estimated coefficients of the two-parameter infiltration model appreciably with the cumulative linearization method, because these coefficients differed between the theoretical and practical setups by no more than 9.2%. In fine soils, linearization could not be possible regardless of the considered setup, or it was the use of d = H = 1 cm instead of d = H = 0 cm that impeded a convincing linearization of the data. In conclusion, the good correspondence, in many circumstances, between the theoretical and the practical Beerkan infiltration experiment reinforced the interest in this simple experiment as a practical means to collect infiltration data in the field.
Settore AGR/08 - Idraulica Agraria E Sistemazioni Idraulico-Forestali
https://acsess.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/vzj2.20220
Bagarello V., Dohnal M., Iovino M., Lai J. (2022). Correspondence between theory and practice of a Beerkan infiltration experiment. VADOSE ZONE JOURNAL, 21(5) [10.1002/vzj2.20220].
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bagarello_et_al_2022_vzj.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale
Dimensione 1.75 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.75 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/573629
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact