Synchrotron X-ray emission in young supernova remnants (SNRs) is a powerful diagnostic tool to study the population of high-energy electrons accelerated at the shock front and the acceleration process. We performed a spatially resolved spectral analysis of NuSTAR and XMM-Newton observations of the young Kepler's SNR, aiming to study in detail its nonthermal emission in hard X-rays. We selected a set of regions all around the rim of the shell and extracted the corresponding spectra. The spectra were analyzed by adopting a model of synchrotron radiation in the loss-limited regime, to constrain the dependence of the cutoff energy of the synchrotron radiation on the shock velocity. We identify two different regimes of particle acceleration, characterized by different Bohm factors. In the north, where the shock interacts with a dense circumstellar medium (CSM), we found a more efficient acceleration than in the south, where the shock velocity is higher and there are no signs of shock interaction with the dense CSM. Our results suggest an enhanced efficiency of the acceleration process in regions where the shock-CSM interaction generates an amplified and turbulent magnetic field. By combining hard X-ray spectra with radio and gamma-ray observations of Kepler's SNR, we modeled the spectral energy distribution. In the light of our results we propose that the observed gamma-ray emission is mainly hadronic and originates in the northern part of the shell.

Vincenzo Sapienza, Marco Miceli, Aya Bamba, Satoru Katsuda, Tsutomu Nagayoshi, Yukikatsu Terada, et al. (2022). A Spatially Resolved Study of Hard X-Ray Emission in Kepler???s Supernova Remnant: Indications of Different Regimes of Particle Acceleration. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 935(2), 152 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac8160].

A Spatially Resolved Study of Hard X-Ray Emission in Kepler???s Supernova Remnant: Indications of Different Regimes of Particle Acceleration

Vincenzo Sapienza
;
Marco Miceli;Giovanni Peres
2022-08-23

Abstract

Synchrotron X-ray emission in young supernova remnants (SNRs) is a powerful diagnostic tool to study the population of high-energy electrons accelerated at the shock front and the acceleration process. We performed a spatially resolved spectral analysis of NuSTAR and XMM-Newton observations of the young Kepler's SNR, aiming to study in detail its nonthermal emission in hard X-rays. We selected a set of regions all around the rim of the shell and extracted the corresponding spectra. The spectra were analyzed by adopting a model of synchrotron radiation in the loss-limited regime, to constrain the dependence of the cutoff energy of the synchrotron radiation on the shock velocity. We identify two different regimes of particle acceleration, characterized by different Bohm factors. In the north, where the shock interacts with a dense circumstellar medium (CSM), we found a more efficient acceleration than in the south, where the shock velocity is higher and there are no signs of shock interaction with the dense CSM. Our results suggest an enhanced efficiency of the acceleration process in regions where the shock-CSM interaction generates an amplified and turbulent magnetic field. By combining hard X-ray spectra with radio and gamma-ray observations of Kepler's SNR, we modeled the spectral energy distribution. In the light of our results we propose that the observed gamma-ray emission is mainly hadronic and originates in the northern part of the shell.
23-ago-2022
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia E Astrofisica
Vincenzo Sapienza, Marco Miceli, Aya Bamba, Satoru Katsuda, Tsutomu Nagayoshi, Yukikatsu Terada, et al. (2022). A Spatially Resolved Study of Hard X-Ray Emission in Kepler???s Supernova Remnant: Indications of Different Regimes of Particle Acceleration. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 935(2), 152 [10.3847/1538-4357/ac8160].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/570633
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