In this work, composite coatings of chitosan and silver nanoparticles were presented as an antibacterial coating for orthopedic implants. Coatings were deposited on AISI 304L using the galvanic deposition method. In galvanic deposition, the difference of the electrochemical redox potential between two metals (the substrate and a sacrificial anode) has the pivotal role in the process. In the coupling of these two metals a spontaneous redox reaction occurs and thus no external power supply is necessary. Using this process, a uniform deposition on the exposed area and a good adherence of the composite coating on the metallic substrate were achieved. Physical-chemical characterizations were carried out to evaluate morphology, chemical composition, and the presence of silver nanoparticles. These characterizations have shown the deposition of coatings with homogenous and porous surface structures with silver nanoparticles incorporated and distributed into the polymeric matrix. Corrosion tests were also carried out in a simulated body fluid at 37 degrees C in order to simulate the same physiological conditions. Corrosion potential and corrosion current density were obtained from the polarization curves by Tafel extrapolation. The results show an improvement in protection against corrosion phenomena compared to bare AISI 304L. Furthermore, the ability of the coating to release the Ag+ was evaluated in the simulated body fluid at 37 degrees C and it was found that the release mechanism switches from anomalous to diffusion controlled after 3 h.

Zanca, C., Carbone, S., Patella, B., Lopresti, F., Aiello, G., Brucato, V., et al. (2022). Composite Coatings of Chitosan and Silver Nanoparticles Obtained by Galvanic Deposition for Orthopedic Implants. POLYMERS, 14(18) [10.3390/polym14183915].

Composite Coatings of Chitosan and Silver Nanoparticles Obtained by Galvanic Deposition for Orthopedic Implants

Zanca, C
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Carbone, S
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Patella, B;Lopresti, F
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Aiello, G;Brucato, V
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Carfì Pavia, F
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
La Carrubba, V;Inguanta, R
2022-09-19

Abstract

In this work, composite coatings of chitosan and silver nanoparticles were presented as an antibacterial coating for orthopedic implants. Coatings were deposited on AISI 304L using the galvanic deposition method. In galvanic deposition, the difference of the electrochemical redox potential between two metals (the substrate and a sacrificial anode) has the pivotal role in the process. In the coupling of these two metals a spontaneous redox reaction occurs and thus no external power supply is necessary. Using this process, a uniform deposition on the exposed area and a good adherence of the composite coating on the metallic substrate were achieved. Physical-chemical characterizations were carried out to evaluate morphology, chemical composition, and the presence of silver nanoparticles. These characterizations have shown the deposition of coatings with homogenous and porous surface structures with silver nanoparticles incorporated and distributed into the polymeric matrix. Corrosion tests were also carried out in a simulated body fluid at 37 degrees C in order to simulate the same physiological conditions. Corrosion potential and corrosion current density were obtained from the polarization curves by Tafel extrapolation. The results show an improvement in protection against corrosion phenomena compared to bare AISI 304L. Furthermore, the ability of the coating to release the Ag+ was evaluated in the simulated body fluid at 37 degrees C and it was found that the release mechanism switches from anomalous to diffusion controlled after 3 h.
19-set-2022
Settore ING-IND/23 - Chimica Fisica Applicata
Settore ING-IND/34 - Bioingegneria Industriale
Settore ING-IND/24 - Principi Di Ingegneria Chimica
Settore ING-IND/17 - Impianti Industriali Meccanici
Zanca, C., Carbone, S., Patella, B., Lopresti, F., Aiello, G., Brucato, V., et al. (2022). Composite Coatings of Chitosan and Silver Nanoparticles Obtained by Galvanic Deposition for Orthopedic Implants. POLYMERS, 14(18) [10.3390/polym14183915].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10447/570105
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