Objective Depression is associated with increased mortality in community samples. The use of antidepressant medication may also increase mortality, however, it is still unclear whether taking antidepressants before or after a diagnosis of dementia influences survival. Design Retrospective. Setting A cohort with a diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) from a large mental health and dementia care database in South London, linked to hospitalization and mortality data. Participants Mild dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination ≥18/30) at the point of diagnosis. Measurements We ascertained antidepressant prescription, either in the 6 months before or after dementia diagnosis, and used the HoNOS65+, a standard clinician-rated measure of patient well-being, to determine depression severity and other neuropsychiatric, physical health, and functional difficulties. We conducted a survival analysis, adjusted for potential confounders and addressed possible confounding by indication through adjusting for a propensity score. Results Of 5473 patients with AD, 22.8% were prescribed an antidepressant in a 1-year window around dementia diagnosis. Of these, 2415 (44.1%) died in the follow-up period [mean (standard deviation) 3.5 (2.4) years]. Prescription of an antidepressant, both before and after dementia diagnosis, was significantly associated with higher mortality after adjusting for a broad range of potential confounders including symptom severity, functional status, and physical illness (hazard ratio 1.22; 95% confidence interval 1.08–1.37 for prescription prior to dementia diagnosis; 95% confidence interval 1.04–1.45 for prescription post dementia diagnosis). In stratified analyses, risks remained significant in those without neuropsychiatric symptoms. Conclusions The prescription of antidepressants around the time of dementia diagnosis may be a risk factor for mortality. © 2017 AMDA – The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine

Mueller, C., Huntley, J., Stubbs, B., Sommerlad, A., Carvalho, A., Perera, G., et al. (2017). Associations of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and Antidepressant Prescription with Survival in Alzheimer's Disease. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL DIRECTORS ASSOCIATION, 18(12), 1076-1081 [10.1016/j.jamda.2017.07.001].

Associations of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and Antidepressant Prescription with Survival in Alzheimer's Disease

Veronese, N.
2017

Abstract

Objective Depression is associated with increased mortality in community samples. The use of antidepressant medication may also increase mortality, however, it is still unclear whether taking antidepressants before or after a diagnosis of dementia influences survival. Design Retrospective. Setting A cohort with a diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) from a large mental health and dementia care database in South London, linked to hospitalization and mortality data. Participants Mild dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination ≥18/30) at the point of diagnosis. Measurements We ascertained antidepressant prescription, either in the 6 months before or after dementia diagnosis, and used the HoNOS65+, a standard clinician-rated measure of patient well-being, to determine depression severity and other neuropsychiatric, physical health, and functional difficulties. We conducted a survival analysis, adjusted for potential confounders and addressed possible confounding by indication through adjusting for a propensity score. Results Of 5473 patients with AD, 22.8% were prescribed an antidepressant in a 1-year window around dementia diagnosis. Of these, 2415 (44.1%) died in the follow-up period [mean (standard deviation) 3.5 (2.4) years]. Prescription of an antidepressant, both before and after dementia diagnosis, was significantly associated with higher mortality after adjusting for a broad range of potential confounders including symptom severity, functional status, and physical illness (hazard ratio 1.22; 95% confidence interval 1.08–1.37 for prescription prior to dementia diagnosis; 95% confidence interval 1.04–1.45 for prescription post dementia diagnosis). In stratified analyses, risks remained significant in those without neuropsychiatric symptoms. Conclusions The prescription of antidepressants around the time of dementia diagnosis may be a risk factor for mortality. © 2017 AMDA – The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine
Mueller, C., Huntley, J., Stubbs, B., Sommerlad, A., Carvalho, A., Perera, G., et al. (2017). Associations of Neuropsychiatric Symptoms and Antidepressant Prescription with Survival in Alzheimer's Disease. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL DIRECTORS ASSOCIATION, 18(12), 1076-1081 [10.1016/j.jamda.2017.07.001].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10447/568283
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